Forte at the 2015 WonderCon
Orville Willis Forte IV
June 17, 1970
|Residence||Santa Monica, California, U.S.|
|Other names||Orville Forte|
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles, U.S.|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, writer, producer|
|Saturday Night Live|
The Last Man on Earth
Orville Willis Forte IV (//; born June 17, 1970) is an American actor, comedian, writer and producer. His work includes being a cast member on Saturday Night Live, and the creator and star of the sitcom The Last Man on Earth. After obtaining a history degree at the University of California, Los Angeles and becoming a financial broker like his father, Forte changed his career path to comedy and took classes with the improvisational comedy group The Groundlings.
He soon found he favored writing best, and he worked as a writer on That '70s Show, before he auditioned for Saturday Night Live (SNL). He joined SNL in 2002, spending eight years as a cast member on the show, where he performed offbeat sketches. His most famous role on the show led to a feature film adaptation, MacGruber (2010), that preceded his departure from the program. Forte took various roles in comedy films, before starring in the drama film Nebraska (2013). Forte created, wrote and starred in his own television sitcom, The Last Man on Earth, which premiered on Fox from 2015 to 2018. He was nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards, for acting and writing for the series.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Awards and nominations
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Orville Willis Forte IV was born in Alameda County, California. His father, Orville Willis Forte III, is a financial broker, and his mother, Patricia C. (née Stivers), is an artist and former schoolteacher. He was raised in Moraga, before moving to Lafayette. He went by Billy in his early years until he was teased at school for it also being a girl's name, at which point he decided he would from there on be known as Will.
Forte describes himself as a "really happy kid", whose parents were "wonderful" and created a "very loving environment". He was interested in comedy from a young age, growing up idolizing comedians, Peter Sellers, David Letterman, Steve Martin and the sketch-comedy television series Saturday Night Live. He often pranked his parents, and would record himself performing imaginary radio shows. He did not aim to be a comedian, however, and he initially wanted to become a football player.
Forte was "a laid-back teen with a lot of friends" and a member of the varsity football and swim teams at Acalanes High School, from which he graduated in 1988. He was voted "Best Personality" by his graduating class and served as class president. He had no ambitions for a television or film career, though his mother noticed a "creative streak" in him. Following high school, he attended the University of California, Los Angeles. He was a member of the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity and completed a degree in history. Planning to follow his father, he became a financial broker at Smith Barney Shearson in Beverly Hills, but felt "miserable" during his time there. He started writing while he was at Shearson, and he co-wrote a feature-length script. On the subject of writing, Forte remarked, "I discovered that I loved it more than anything I had ever done in my life." He had been encouraged to attempt comedy during his years at university, and he decided to change his career to become a writer-performer.
Early career (1997–2001)
He began taking classes at the Groundlings in Los Angeles, an improvisational and sketch comedy troupe and school, while tutoring children to make ends meet. Forte's first successful foray into comedy was 101 Things to Definitely Not Do If You Want to Get a Chick, a comic book he produced that details incompetent men. The comics landed him his first professional job writing for The Jenny McCarthy Show, a short-lived variety show starring Jenny McCarthy. Shortly thereafter, he was asked to submit a packet to the Late Show with David Letterman and was told Letterman responded favorably to animation. After only nine months at Letterman, he was "let go" from the job. He recalled his stint on the program as unpleasant, noting that he did not have enough experience in writing. "What an honor to work at that show but I don't think I was fully mentally prepared. [...] I always wonder what it would be like if I’d had a couple more years of experience before going there."
Forte returned to Los Angeles and began performing with the Groundlings' Main Company, with Cheryl Hines, Jim Rash and Maya Rudolph. He tried stand-up comedy three times, mostly at open mic nights, but quit after being voted into the Main Company. He joined the writing teams of two failed sitcoms, including The Army Show and Action. Forte got jobs writing for 3rd Rock from the Sun and That '70s Show, two successful programs. He loved writing but had mostly given up on acting, aside from acting with the Groundlings. While performing with the troupe in 2001, he was spotted by Lorne Michaels, the creator of Saturday Night Live (SNL). Forte felt his confidence was higher than usual, as That '70s Show had been picked up for two more years. He was invited to audition for SNL, which he regarded as unexpected.
At his audition for SNL, he performed multiple original characters, including Tim Calhoun, a speed reader, a prison guard, in addition to impressions of singer Michael McDonald and actor Martin Sheen. His final character was an older piece from his days with the Groundlings, in which he portrays a gold-painted street performer who performs fellatio to pay for his face paint, which devolves into a song needlessly uttering the words "cock" and "face paint" dozens of times. He felt his time to shine as a performer was already over, as he was in his thirties when he auditioned. To his surprise, he was offered a chance to be on the show, but declined, opting instead for the financial stability of his work at That '70s Show. He felt working for SNL could not live up to the idealized version he had dreamed of, but he later realized he would be making a mistake.
Saturday Night Live years (2002–2010)
—Forte on his tenure at SNL
After Will Ferrell left Saturday Night Live in the following spring, Forte joined the cast, premiering at the beginning of the show's twenty-eighth season in the fall. He was promoted to repertory player after his first year. His early years on the program were characterized by stage fright and an inability to properly interpret sketches that he did not write himself. He had to "re-learn" performing after years as a writer, and later felt his natural tendency to "overthink" things improved his performance. He was particularly uncomfortable portraying President George W. Bush, as he felt he was not the best impressionist and it paled in comparison to Ferrell's impersonation of Bush. His only role was often Bush, leaving him no chance for more "absurd" pieces he favored. He was nearly fired from the program following his third season (2004–05), but after two three-week extensions to decide his fate, he was brought back. Forte estimated it took five seasons for him to feel fully comfortable performing on the show. In 2004, he made his film debut in Around the World in 80 Days.
Forte's humor at SNL has been described as bizarre, and he became known for many "10-to-1" sketches: pieces deemed too odd that air at the bottom of the show, preceding its conclusion. Among these were a sketch titled "Potato Chip", in which Forte plays an NASA recruiter that warns a candidate (Jason Sudeikis) not to touch a bowl of potato chips on his desk, or his turn as Jeff Montgomery, a sex offender posing as one for Halloween. He was also well known for his character Tim Calhoun, a politician, and the Falconer. Forte's favorite sketch on the show was one in which he played a motivational coach alongside football star Peyton Manning. He also co-starred with Andy Samberg in the first SNL Digital Short, "Lettuce". He often spent long hours crafting his sketches for the program, passing deadlines, but his pieces were often greeted warmly at table reads. During his time at the show, he costarred in and wrote the 2007 film The Brothers Solomon. The film was originally a pilot for Carsey-Werner, and its creation was an extension of his agreement to terminate his contract to appear on SNL.
Forte's best-known character on SNL was MacGruber, a special operations agent who is tasked in each episode with deactivating a ticking bomb but becomes distracted by personal issues. The sketches were based on the television series MacGyver. It was created by writer Jorma Taccone, who pitched the idea relentlessly to Forte. He was initially reluctant to commit to the sketch, deeming it too dumb, but accepted after persuasion from Taccone. The first sketch aired in January 2007, and led to multiple more segments in the following years. In 2009, the sketches were spun off into a series of commercials sponsored by Pepsi premiering during Super Bowl XLIII that featured the actor behind MacGyver, Richard Dean Anderson, as MacGruber's father. The advertisements led the character and sketches to receive a wider level of popularity. Following the success of the advertisements, creator Lorne Michaels approached Forte, Taccone, and writer John Solomon with the idea to produce a MacGruber film.
Regarding his experiences on SNL, Forte has remarked:
|“||Looking back, the experience is something I’ll never forget. I still miss it, and I’ll always miss it. That’s my family.||”|
- George W. Bush
- Tom DeLay
- John Edwards
- Timothy Geithner
- Newt Gingrich
- Hu Jintao
- Chad Lowe
- Zell Miller
- David Petraeus
- Harry Reid
- Brian Williams
Post-SNL, MacGruber and film roles (2011–2014)
MacGruber was shot on a tight schedule for twenty eight days in Albuquerque, New Mexico, during the summer of 2009. It was written while simultaneously producing the weekly episode of SNL, and the show's production process left the trio deprived of sleep. Forte was positive regarding the film, saying, "What you see with this movie is exactly what we wanted to do. It’s the three of us having a bunch of fun writing it, then having fun making it with a bunch of our friends—old friends and new friends. I think that fun comes across when you watch it. It’s rare that you get that kind of creative freedom." The film was released in May 2010 and received mixed reviews. It fared worse at the box office, where it failed to recoup its budget and was pulled from theaters after its third week. Forte found the failure tolerable, commenting, "When you make something that you’re really proud of and it doesn’t do well, you can live with it." The film has since seen more positive reception and has been dubbed a cult classic.
Forte left Saturday Night Live, shortly before the beginning of the show's thirty-sixth season in 2010. He felt it the "right time to go," considering his eight-year tenure there, his expansion into film with MacGruber, and his age. In addition, his sister had just had kids and he wanted to move to the West Coast to be closer to them. He soon regretted the decision, calling the following year an "emotionally trying period," as he felt "devastated" that he would no longer be on the program. He assumed his shot at a film career was ruined, and he imagined that if acting did not work out, he would return to writing primarily. Following this, he entered what he has called a "lost period" and had small supporting roles, such as Rock of Ages, That's My Boy and The Watch, all of which were not successful. The only commercial successful film he worked on was Grown Ups 2, where he made a cameo as a male cheerleader. He also took a role as Paul L'Astname, the cross-dressing boyfriend of Jenna Maroney on the critically acclaimed sitcom 30 Rock.
Forte took his first dramatic role for the 2013 film Run & Jump. Director Steph Green offered him the part, and Forte imagined it a "fun thing to try," though he noted that she had more confidence in him than he had himself. Later, he sent an audition tape to Alexander Payne for a role in his next film, Nebraska. He equated his casting in the film to his fear of joining SNL a decade prior, noting that he was "terrified" to begin working on it. He felt hard initially, but followed Bruce Dern's acting advice to "look for the truth" in each scene—in other words, "In every scene, you're just trying to play it as honestly and as real as you can."
Recent work and The Last Man on Earth (2015–present)
Forte began work on The Last Man on Earth, a sitcom, with longtime collaborators Phil Lord and Christopher Miller in 2013. Though it was the duo's idea, Forte attached himself to the concept, crafting a treatment over a weekend. The series was pitched around Hollywood to positive responses and was picked up in 2014 by Fox. Forte serves as the series' creator, a writer, the lead role, and showrunner for its first season. He felt odd being in charge of its writing team (composed of longtime friends), and awkward at delegating tasks, so much so that he would end up doing the work himself. Being a showrunner "truly was an amount of work I never knew existed," he said, which involved him working a "minimum of 12 hours" daily. The series premiered in 2015 to positive responses, and was renewed for a second season.
In 2016, Forte played Hulka, a low-level weed dealer in the comedy Keanu, starring Jordan Peele and Keegan-Michael Key. He starred as National Lampoon magazine co-founder and writer Douglas Kenney in the Netflix biographical film A Futile and Stupid Gesture. The film is directed by David Wain and also features Domhnall Gleeson as co-founder Henry Beard.
Forte is a supporter of the camp Wampler's Kids and recorded a promotional piece at SNL with Will Ferrell. Forte was a childhood friend of founder Steven Wampler and previously the national spokesman for SciEyes, a non-profit organization created to support research, training and public education in stem cell biology and to further the field by recognizing and supporting its potential for creating new therapies for the treatment of blinding and debilitating eye diseases. He was a primary donor towards the establishment of a research fellowship for third-year medical students at Duke Medical Center. He serves on the Board of Directors of the National Policy and Advocacy Council on Homelessness.
Forte is especially close with his family. His mother has visited every film set he has worked on and made an appearance on the Mother's Day episode of SNL in which he sang a song to her on Weekend Update. Forte officiated his sister Michelle's wedding and filmed the birth of his niece and nephew. During a conversation with Scott Aukerman on the podcast Comedy Bang! Bang!, Forte discussed his parents' divorce and the family's decision to have Christmas together after his father’s second divorce. During the same interview, Forte joked about his obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) tendencies with a story of listening to only one song in his office at SNL for an entire year because he wanted to challenge himself. During an interview with Larry King, Forte discussed his OCD as a challenge he had to overcome but not one he wished he did not have, as it is a part of his personality. In a feature on him and his new Fox series in February 2015, the writer of the article said that Forte mentioned OCD often but it was not clear if he had ever been formally diagnosed, though Forte related how he and a former girlfriend had gone through an OCD questionnaire and it concluded that Forte "should immediately talk to someone about this".
Forte currently resides in Santa Monica, California. He purchased his home just two weeks before joining SNL and being forced to move to New York City; "It was not the greatest timing," he later said.
|2004||Around the World in 80 Days||Young Bobby|
|2007||The Brothers Solomon||Dean Solomon|
|2009||The Slammin' Salmon||Horace the Lone Diner||Cameo|
|2009||Brief Interviews with Hideous Men||Subject #72|
|2009||Dry Cleaner||Stefan Gucci|
|2009||Fanboys||THX Security Guard #4|
|2009||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||Joe Towne (voice)||Cameo|
|2011||A Good Old Fashioned Orgy||Glenn|
|2012||Tim and Eric's Billion Dollar Movie||Allen Bishopman|
|2012||Rock of Ages||Mitch Miley|
|2012||That's My Boy||Phil|
|2012||The Watch||Sergeant Bressman|
|2013||Grown Ups 2||Male Cheerleader||Uncredited cameo|
|2013||Run & Jump||Ted|
|2013||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2||Chester V (voice)|
|2013||Life of Crime||Marshall Taylor|
|2014||The Lego Movie||Abraham Lincoln (voice)||Cameo|
Credited as Orville Forte
|2014||22 Jump Street||Football Announcer (voice)||Uncredited|
|2014||She's Funny That Way||Joshua Fleet|
|2015||Don Verdean||Pastor Fontaine|
|2015||Staten Island Summer||Griffith|
|2015||The Ridiculous 6||Will Patch|
|2015||Get Squirrely||Cody (voice)|
|2016||Popstar: Never Stop Never Stopping||Bagpipe Player||Cameo|
|2017||My Life as a Courgette||Mr. Paul (voice)||English dub|
|2018||A Futile and Stupid Gesture||Doug Kenney|
|1997||Late Show with David Letterman||Snow Shovel Murder Victim||Episode: Robert Pastorelli/Craig Kilborn/Live; uncredited|
|2002–2003||Clone High||Abe Lincoln (voice)||13 episodes|
|2002–2010||Saturday Night Live||Various roles||157 episodes; also writer|
|2006||Campus Ladies||Stuart||2 episodes|
|2006||Drawn Together||Kirk Cameron (voice)||Episode: "Lost in Parking Space: Part One"|
|2006||Aqua Teen Hunger Force||Alien (voice)||Episode: "Antenna"|
|2007||Flight of the Conchords||Ben||Episode: "The Actor"|
|2007||Tim and Eric Nite Live!||Emanuel Melly||Episode #1.5|
|2007–2010||Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job!||Various roles||6 episodes|
|30 Rock||Thomas / Paul L'astname||13 episodes|
|2008–2010||How I Met Your Mother||Randy Wharmpess||2 episodes|
|2008||Young Person's Guide to History||Comte de Buffon (Frenchman)||Episode #1.1|
|2009||Sit Down, Shut Up||Stuart Proszakian (voice)||13 episodes|
|2009–2013||The Cleveland Show||Principal Wally Farquhare / Various voices||22 episodes|
|2009–2015||American Dad!||Various voices||6 episodes|
|2010||The Life & Times of Tim||Chipper (voice)||Episode: "Unjustly Neglected Drama"|
|2010||WWE Raw||MacGruber||1 episode|
|2010||Funny or Die Presents||Cast (Scott & Behr) / Sleeping Celebrity||2 episodes|
|2010||Squidbillies||Tom Treebow||Episode: "Lean Green Touchdown Makifying Machine"|
|2010–2013||Conan||Ted Turner||14 episodes|
|2011||Parks and Recreation||Kelly Larson||Episode: "Time Capsule"|
|2011||Allen Gregory||Ian / Stuart Rossmyre / Sid Lampis (voices)||7 episodes|
|2011, 2015||The League||Chuck||2 episodes|
|2011–2012||Up All Night||Reed||3 episodes|
|2012–2013||Comedy Bang! Bang!||Chet Barnsider / Felix Dewhurst||2 episodes|
|2012–2016||Gravity Falls||Tyler the Cute Biker (voice)||13 episodes|
|2012–2015||Lab Rats||Eddy (voice) / Human Eddy||20 episodes|
|2013||Drunk History||Edwin Booth||Episode: "Washington D.C."|
|2013, 2016||Bob's Burgers||Kurt / Mr. Grant (voices)||3 episodes|
|2013–2014||Kroll Show||Various roles||3 episodes|
|2014–2015||The Awesomes||Malocchio Jr. (voice)||10 episodes|
|2014||The Simpsons||King Toot (voice)||Episode: "Covercraft"|
|2015–2018||The Last Man on Earth||Philip Tandy "Phil" Miller||46 episodes; also creator, writer and executive producer|
|2015||7 Days in Hell||Sandy Pickard||Television film|
|2015||Moonbeam City||Rad Cunningham (voice)||10 episodes|
|2016||Maya & Marty||Various||Episode: "Will Forte, Amy Poehler and Jerry Seinfeld"|
|2017||Michael Bolton's Big, Sexy Valentine's Day Special||Michael Fulton||Variety special|
|2017||Tour de Pharmacy||Police Officer||Television film|
|2017||Tim and Eric's Bedtime Stories||Will||Episode: "The Demotion"|
|2009||Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City||Martin Serious|
|2014||Kevin Pollak's Chat Show||Himself/Guest||Podcast|
|1997||The Jenny McCarthy Show||Writer|
|1997–1998||Late Show with David Letterman||Writer|
|1998||The Army Show||Writer|
|1999–2001||3rd Rock from the Sun||Writer|
|2000||God, the Devil and Bob||Writer|
|2001–2003||That '70s Show||Writer; also producer|
|2007||The Brothers Solomon||Writer|
Awards and nominations
- "Random Object Jingles with Will Forte". February 21, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
- Miller, Julie (April 2015). "By His Own Admission, Will Forte is "A Little O.C.D." About His Shampoo Routine". Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Ancestry.com. California Birth Index, 1905–1995 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005
- Crooks, Peter (March 19, 2010). "Will Power". Diablo. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Maron, Marc (Interviewer); Forte, Will (Interviewee) (January 9, 2014). Episode 460 - Will Forte (Podcast). Archived from the original (mp3) on January 11, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Yuan, Jada (May 5, 2015). "25 Things You Learn About Will Forte From Hanging Out With Him". Vulture. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- The Mortified Session, TV interview, Sundance Channel
- "Alumni". Lambda Chi Alpha at UCLA. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Stern, Marlow (April 25, 2013). "Will Forte: From 'SNL' to Star of 'Run and Jump' and 'Nebraska'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Ryan, Mike (December 5, 2013). "With 'Nebraska,' Will Forte Leaves MacGruber Behind". Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "How Being Terrified Helped Last Man on Earth Will Forte Kill on SNL, Sitcoms, and Filmsauthor=Joe Berkowitz". Fast Company. May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Yuan, Jada (May 1, 2015). "Will Forte on Last Man on Earth's Second Season, Tabloid Fame, and His Fun Kind of OCD". Vulture. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Hyden, Steven (February 27, 2015). "Will Forte Can't Stop (and He Hopes That Doesn't Bother Anyone)". Grantland.com. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- O'Neal, Sean (May 21, 2010). "Will Forte - Interview". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Shales & Miller 2002, pp. 576-577.
- McCarthy, Todd (June 15, 2004). "Around the World in 80 Days". Variety. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- Tucker, Ken (December 8, 2009). "'Saturday Night Live' recap: Blake Lively plus the oddest, best-acted sketch of the season?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "The Brothers Solomon - Production Notes". CinemaReview.com. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- O'Neal, Sean (May 21, 2010). "Will Forte – Interview". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Barney, Chuck (May 19, 2010). "'SNL'/ 'MacGruber' star Will Forte is a soldier of fortune". PopMatters. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Rich, Katey (May 19, 2010). "Interview: MacGruber's Will Forte And Jorma Taccone". CinemaBlend. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- "C-SPAN: Chinese President Hu Jintao and U.S. President Obama Press Conference". NBC.com. Saturday Night Live. November 21, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Douglas, Edward (May 19, 2010). "Exclusive: Will Forte and Jorma Taccone on MacGruber!". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Steven James Snyder (May 21, 2010). "Only 6 Questions Left MacGruber! The Will Forte Interview". Time. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- MacGruber at Rotten Tomatoes
- "10 Biggest Box Office Flops of 2010 (So Far)". Parade. July 19, 2010.
- Schmidlin, Charlie (September 21, 2012). "'MacGruber' Director Jorma Taccone To Helm New Line Action-Comedy 'Spy Guys'". IndieWire. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- Maglio, Tony (February 27, 2015). "Will Forte Says 'MacGruber 2′ Is 'Priority No. 1′ Behind New Fox Show 'Last Man on Earth'". Yahoo!. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- Murphy, Mekado (March 1, 2015). "Phil Lord and Chris Miller on Maintaining Mystery in 'The Last Man on Earth'". The New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Goble, Corban (March 2, 2015). "Will Forte on His Unusual New Sitcom, The Last Man on Earth". Vulture. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- "The Last Man on Earth Reviews". Metacritic (CBS Interactive). Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Ausiello, Michael (April 8, 2015). "Last Man on Earth Scores Super-Quick Season 2 Renewal at Fox". TVLine. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
- Kit, Borys (May 28, 2017). "Will Forte to Co-Star With Key and Peele in Comedy 'Keanu' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Kit, Borys (March 16, 2016). "Will Forte to Star as 'National Lampoon' Co-Founder in Netflix Movie (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (April 4, 2016). "Domhnall Gleeson To Play National Lampoon Co-Founder In Netflix Film 'A Futile And Stupid Gesture'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- "Will Forte Promotes Wampler Kids". YouTube. May 28, 2009. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Researcher Uses Stem Cells on Eye Disease". Archived from the original on 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "SNL Comedian Launches Stem Cell Research Fellowship at Duke Medical Center". Archived from the original on 2011-03-05. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Rosen, Jeremy (March 13, 2008). "NPACH Staff And Board Of Directors". NPACH.org. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Crooks, Peter (April 2010). "Will Power (page 1 of 3)". Diablo Magazine. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Jing It Or Ding It!, episode #153 of Comedy Bang Bang: The Podcast". earwolf.com. April 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Will Forte". Larry King Now. Season 1. Episode 7. July 26, 2012. Hulu.
- Ryan, Mike (2011-05-25). "Life After MacGruber and SNL: Catching up with Will Forte". Movieline. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- "Will Forte Can't Stop (and He Hopes That Doesn't Bother Anyone)". Grantland. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-11.
- Shales, Tom; Miller, James Andrew (2002). Live from New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live. New York: Hachette Book Group USA. ISBN 0-316-73565-5.