Wikipedia:Today's featured list/March 2019

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March 1
Hurricane Paul (1982)
Hurricane Paul (1982)

Since records began in 1949, there has been a total of 83 recorded Category 2 hurricanes within the Eastern Pacific tropical cyclone basin, which is the portion of the Pacific Ocean located north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. Storms that intensified beyond Category 2 status are not included in this list. Category 2 status is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir-Simpson scale, and classifies systems with winds between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s). Tropical cyclones that attain the aforementioned winds and make landfall are capable of causing substantial damage to human lives and infrastructure. The development of tropical cyclones within the Eastern Pacific is influenced by a plethora of factors. During hurricane season, which runs from May through November, sea surface temperatures are high enough and wind shear is low enough to support tropical cyclogenesis. The majority of Category 2 systems formed between the months of July and October. (Full list...)


March 4
Philip Bliss, Registrar from 1824 to 1853
Philip Bliss, Registrar from 1824 to 1853

The Registrar of the University of Oxford is one of the senior officials of the university. According to its statutes, the Registrar acts as the "head of the central administrative services", with responsibility for "the management and professional development of their staff and for the development of other administrative support". He or she is also the "principal adviser on strategic policy" to the university's Vice-Chancellor and Council, its main decision-making body. The university regards the role as having a 550-year history, as there are references in the records to officials carrying out the duties of a registrar in the 15th century, though the list of Registrars published by the university in the 19th century begins with John London, who died in 1508. As the administrative requirements of the university have increased, so have the number of staff employed in the university administration under the Registrar. The university decided to give the role increased importance after this was recommended by a commission in 1922. (Full list...)


March 8
Lauren Bacall in 1945

American actress Lauren Bacall had an extensive career in films, television shows, and plays. She was one of the leading ladies during the Golden Age of Hollywood along with actresses such as Marilyn Monroe and Rita Hayworth. Bacall's first film appearance was with Humphrey Bogart in the 1944 film To Have and Have Not. The following year she married Bogart and went on to appear with him in The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), and Key Largo (1948). She also starred in comedies such as How to Marry a Millionaire in 1953 with Marilyn Monroe, Designing Woman in 1957 with Gregory Peck, and Sex and the Single Girl in 1964 with Natalie Wood. For her role as Hannah Morgan in The Mirror Has Two Faces, Bacall won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture and was nominated for a BAFTA and an Academy Award. Bacall also performed on Broadway in the plays Cactus Flower in 1965 and The Visit in 1995 and musicals such as Applause in 1970 and Woman of the Year in 1981. (Full list...)


March 11

Twenty-seven members of the British royal family have lived to the age of 80 years or older since the Acts of Union 1707 established the Kingdom of Great Britain. These British royal family members consist of two centenarians, eight nonagenarians, and seventeen octogenarians. Of the British royals who have lived to 80 years or longer, twenty have been women and seven have been men. Seventeen of the twenty-seven royals aged 80 or older have been members of the British royal family by blood and eleven have been members through marriage. Of the royals to reach the age of 80 or older, only Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, was a member of the British royal family by both blood and marriage. The longest-living member of the British royal family has been Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, who lived 102 years and 309 days. Princess Alice became the oldest ever member of the royal family when she surpassed the age of 101 years and 238 days in 2003, the age at which Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother died in 2002. (Full list...)


March 15
Abby Wambach
Abby Wambach

Retired professional soccer player Abby Wambach scored 184 goals in 255 appearances for the United States women's national soccer team, and holds the world record for goals scored at the international level by an individual player, female or male. Wambach broke previous record holder Mia Hamm's record on June 20, 2013, as she completed a hat-trick against South Korea, in a friendly match. Wambach scored her first international goal in the seventh minute of a friendly against Finland on April 27, 2002, in her second game for the national team. She scored her first international hat trick during a friendly against Scotland, leading the national team to an 8–2 win in her fourth appearance for the team. Wambach completed her international career having scored a total of 14 goals in her 25 World Cup match appearances, placing second on the all-time World Cup scoring list behind Marta. (Full list...)


March 18
Dubrovnik
Dubrovnik

Croatia has ten sites on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) list of World Heritage Sites. The World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. The first three sites in Croatia, Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian, Dubrovnik (pictured), and Plitvice Lakes National Park, were inscribed to the list at the 3rd UNESCO session in 1979. Further sites were added in 1997, 2000, 2008, 2016, and 2017. In total, there are eight cultural and two natural sites, as determined by the organization's selection criteria. Three of the sites are shared with other countries. During the Croatian War of Independence, following the breakup of Yugoslavia, military confrontations took place in Dubrovnik (Siege of Dubrovnik) and in the Plitvice Lakes area. Extensive artillery damage in Dubrovnik and landmines laid around Plitvice resulted in the two sites being listed as endangered in 1991. Following their restoration, Plitvice and Dubrovnik were removed from the list of endangered sites in 1997 and 1998, respectively. (Full list...)


March 22
Ellie Goulding
Ellie Goulding

English singer and songwriter Ellie Goulding has recorded songs for three studio albums and guest features. After signing a contract with record label Polydor Records in July 2009, Goulding began to work on her debut studio album, Lights, which was ultimately released in February 2010. The first single released from the album was "Under the Sheets", which Goulding wrote in collaboration with Starsmith. In November 2010, the singer re-released Lights as Bright Lights, which included the standard version of the album and several new songs. Goulding released her second studio album, Halcyon, in October 2012. In addition to reuniting with writers with whom she had previously worked, the singer collaborated with several new writers and producers. She also appeared as a featured artist on "I Need Your Love" by Calvin Harris from his third studio album 18 Months (2012). (Full list...)


March 25
Lanier Mansion
Lanier Mansion

The National Historic Landmarks in Indiana represent Indiana's history from the Native American era to its early European settlers and motor racing. There are 42 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in the state, which are located in 23 of its 92 counties. The National Historic Landmark Program is administered by the National Park Service, a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process. All NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places, a list of historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of preservation. Marion County, the location of the state capital Indianapolis, has the most NHLs, with ten, followed by Bartholomew County with seven and Jefferson County with four. Eight Historic Landmarks in Indiana are more specifically designated National Historic Landmark Districts, meaning that they cover a large area rather than a single building. The Lanier Mansion (pictured) and Charles L. Shrewsbury House are within the boundaries of the Madison Historic District. (Full list...)


March 29
Ursula K. Le Guin
Ursula K. Le Guin

American author Ursula K. Le Guin wrote speculative fiction, realistic fiction, non-fiction, screenplays, librettos, essays, poetry, speeches, translations, literary critiques, chapbooks, and children's fiction. She was primarily known for her works of speculative fiction. These include works set in the fictional world of Earthsea, stories in the Hainish Cycle, standalone novels and short stories. Le Guin came to critical attention with the publication of A Wizard of Earthsea in 1968, and The Left Hand of Darkness in 1969. The Earthsea books, of which A Wizard of Earthsea was the first, have been described as Le Guin's best work by several commentators, while scholar Charlotte Spivack described The Left Hand of Darkness as having established Le Guin's reputation as a writer of science fiction. Le Guin's first published work was the poem "Folksong from the Montayna Province" in 1959, while her first short story was "An die Musik", in 1961; both were set in her fictional country of Orsinia. Her first professional publication was the short story "April in Paris" in 1962, while her first published novel was Rocannon's World, released by Ace Books in 1966. (Full list...)