|<<||Selected anniversaries for March||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page
2018 day arrangement
- 1476 – War of the Castilian Succession: Although the Battle of Toro was militarily inconclusive, it assured Ferdinand and Isabella the throne of Castile, forming the basis for modern Spain.
- 1872 – Yellowstone National Park (bison pictured), the first national park in the world, was established with the majority of it in the U.S. state of Wyoming.
- 1921 – The Australian cricket team led by Warwick Armstrong became the first team to complete a whitewash in the Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years.
- 2014 – A group of knife-wielding men and women attacked passengers at Kunming railway station in Kunming, China, leaving 31 victims and 4 perpetrators dead with more than 140 others injured.
- 1444 – The League of Lezhë, an alliance of the regional chieftains, was established in Venetian Albania with Skanderbeg as its commander.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Patriot militia from Georgia and South Carolina attempted to resist the British action to seize and remove supply ships anchored at Savannah, Georgia.
- 1943 – World War II: Australian and American air forces attacked and destroyed a large convoy of the Japanese Navy in the Bismarck Sea north of Papua New Guinea.
- 1978 – Aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 28, Czechoslovak military pilot Vladimír Remek (pictured) became the first person from outside the Soviet Union or the United States to go into space.
- 1284 – The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England.
- 1875 – French composer Georges Bizet's opera Carmen (poster pictured), based on the novella of the same title by Prosper Mérimée, premiered at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.
- 1924 – The Free State of Fiume, a short-lived independent free state located in the modern city of Rijeka, Croatia, was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
- 1943 – Second World War: During a German aerial attack on London, 173 people were killed in a stampede while trying to enter Bethnal Green tube station, which was being used as an air-raid shelter.
- 1991 – Motorist Rodney King was beaten by Los Angeles policemen, causing public outrage that increased tensions between the African American community and the police department over the issues of police brutality and social inequalities in the area.
- 306 – Roman Herculian guard Adrian of Nicomedia, who had converted to Christianity after being impressed with the faith of Christians that he had been torturing, was martyred.
- 1804 – Irish convicts who were involved at the Battle of Vinegar Hill during the 1798 Irish Rebellion began an uprising against British colonial authorities in New South Wales, Australia.
- 1918 – The first known case of the so-called Spanish flu was first observed at Fort Riley, Kansas.
- 1933 – All three presidents of the Austrian National Council resigned, and Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss (pictured) later used that pretext to create an authoritarian government.
- 2012 – A series of blasts occurred at an arms dump in Brazzaville, Congo, killing at least 250 people, injuring 2,300 others, and leaving more than 13,800 people homeless.
- 363 – Roman emperor Julian and his army set out from Antioch to attack the Sassanian Empire.
- 1824 – The First Anglo-Burmese War, the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history, began.
- 1943 – The Gloster Meteor, the first operational jet fighter for the Allied Powers, made its maiden flight.
- 1963 – Country music stars Patsy Cline, Cowboy Copas, and Hawkshaw Hawkins were killed when their Piper PA-24 Comanche crashed shortly after takeoff in Camden, Tennessee, U.S.
- 1981 – The ZX81 (pictured), a pioneering British home computer, was launched by Sinclair Research and went on to sell over 1.5 million units around the world.
- 961 – With the completion of the Siege of Chandax, the Muslim Emirate of Crete was conquered by the Byzantine Empire.
- 1836 – Texas Revolution: Mexican forces captured the Alamo (pictured) in San Antonio from the Texians after a 13-day siege.
- 1953 – Upon the death of Joseph Stalin, Georgy Malenkov became Premier of the Soviet Union.
- 1964 – In a radio broadcast, Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad announced that American boxer Cassius Clay would change his name to Muhammad Ali.
- 1988 – In Operation Flavius, the Special Air Service killed three Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers conspiring to bomb a parade of British military bands in Gibraltar.
- 321 – Emperor Constantine I decreed that Sunday, the day honoring the sun god Sol Invictus (disc pictured), would be the Roman day of rest.
- 1277 – Étienne Tempier, Bishop of Paris, promulgated a condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological propositions that were being discussed at the University of Paris.
- 1850 – In support of the Compromise of 1850, United States Senator Daniel Webster gave his "Seventh of March" speech, which was so unpopular among his constituency he was forced to resign.
- 1900 – The German ocean liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse became the first ship to send a wireless telegraph message to an onshore receiver.
- 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnam began Operation Truong Cong Dinh to sweep the area surrounding the Mekong Delta town of Mỹ Tho to root out Viet Cong forces in the area.
- 1618 – German astronomer and mathematician Johannes Kepler discovered the third law of planetary motion.
- 1658 – After a devastating defeat in the Second Northern War, King Frederick III of Denmark–Norway was forced to give up nearly half his Danish territory to Sweden to save the rest.
- 1910 – French aviator Raymonde de Laroche (pictured) became the first woman to receive a pilot's licence.
- 1924 – Three violent explosions at a coal mine near Castle Gate, Utah, U.S., killed all 171 miners working there.
- 1978 – BBC Radio 4 began transmitting Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, a science fiction radio series that was later adapted into novels, a television series, and other media formats.
- 1009 – The first known record of the name of Lithuania appeared in an entry in the annals of the Quedlinburg Abbey in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
- 1842 – Francisco Lopez woke from a nap under a tree (pictured) at Rancho San Francisco and made the first documented discovery of gold in California.
- 1910 – A seventeen-month-long strike action, which at its peak involved 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers across 65 mines, began in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, U.S.
- 1925 – The Royal Air Force began a bombardment and strafing campaign against the mountain strongholds of Mahsud tribesmen in South Waziristan.
- 1956 – In Tbilisi, Georgia, Soviet military troops suppressed mass demonstrations against Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.
- 1916 – The last in a series of letters was written wherein Britain would support Arab independence from the Ottoman Empire in return for launching a revolt.
- 1952 – Facing likely electoral defeat, former Cuban President Fulgencio Batista staged a coup d'état to resume control.
- 1968 – Vietnam War/Laotian Civil War: North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao forces overwhelmed the American, Laotian, Thai, and Hmong defenders of Lima Site 85.
- 2000 – The Nasdaq Composite stock market index peaked at 5048.62, the high point of the dot-com boom.
- 2008 – The New York Times revealed that Governor of New York Eliot Spitzer (pictured) had used a prostitution service.
- 222 – Disgusted with Roman emperor Elagabalus's disregard for Roman religious traditions and sexual taboos, the Praetorian Guard assassinated him and his mother and threw their mutilated bodies in the Tiber.
- 1843 – During a period of activity known as the Great Eruption, Eta Carinae briefly became the second brightest star in the night sky.
- 1966 – Indonesian President Sukarno (pictured) signed the Presidential Order Supersemar, giving General of the Army Suharto the authority to restore order during the recent mass killings.
- 1978 – After hijacking a bus north of Tel Aviv, members of Palestine Liberation Organization faction Fatah engaged in a shootout with the Israel Police, resulting in the deaths of 38 civilians and most of the perpetrators.
- 1993 – Janet Reno was confirmed by the Senate as the first female United States Attorney General.
- 1622 – Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier, founders of the Jesuits, were canonized by Pope Gregory XV.
- 1881 – Andrew Watson made his debut with the Scotland national football team and became the world's first black international footballer.
- 1933 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (pictured) broadcast the first of his "fireside chats" to address the nation directly.
- 1952 – British diplomat Hastings Ismay was appointed as the first Secretary General of NATO.
- 1971 – The Turkish Armed Forces executed a "coup by memorandum", forcing the resignation of Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel.
- 1781 – Astronomer and composer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus (pictured) while in the garden of his house in Bath, Somerset, thinking it was a comet.
- 1845 – German composer Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto, one of the most popular violin concertos of all time, received its world première in Leipzig.
- 1920 – The Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
- 1964 – Kitty Genovese was murdered in New York City, prompting research into the bystander effect due to the false story that neighbors witnessed the killing and did nothing to help her.
- 1988 – The Seikan Tunnel, the longest and deepest tunnel in the world at the time, opened between the cities of Hakodate and Aomori, Japan.
- 1489 – Queen of Cyprus Catherine Cornaro (pictured) was forced to abdicate and sell the administration of the island to the Republic of Venice.
- 1885 – The Mikado, Gilbert and Sullivan's most frequently performed Savoy opera, debuted at the Savoy Theatre in London.
- 1910 – Oil prospectors in Kern County, California, drilled into a pressurized oil deposit, resulting in the largest accidental oil spill in history.
- 1978 – Israeli–Lebanese conflict: The Israel Defense Forces began Operation Litani, invading and occupying southern Lebanon, and pushing PLO troops north up to the Litani River.
- 1988 – China defeated Vietnam in a naval battle as the former attempted to establish oceanographic observation posts on the Spratly Islands.
- 44 BC – Dictator Julius Caesar of the Roman Republic was stabbed to death (pictured) by Marcus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators.
- 1875 – Archbishop of New York John McCloskey was named the first cardinal in the United States.
- 1917 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was forced to abdicate in the February Revolution, ending three centuries of Romanov rule.
- 1943 – World War II: German forces recaptured Kharkov after four days of house-to-house fighting against Soviet troops, ending the month-long Third Battle of Kharkov.
- 1990 – Iraqi authorities hanged freelance Iranian reporter Farzad Bazoft for spying for Israel.
- 1621 – Samoset, a member of the Abenaki tribe, strolled into Plymouth Colony and greeted the Pilgrims in English (pictured).
- 1689 – The Royal Welch Fusiliers, one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, was founded.
- 1918 – Finnish Civil War: The Whites were victorious in the Battle of Länkipohja, after which they executed at least 70 Reds.
- 1988 – Using pistols and grenades, loyalist Michael Stone attacked the funeral of three Provisional IRA members who had been killed in Gibraltar ten days earlier, killing three attendees and injuring at least sixty others.
- 2014 – Annexation of Crimea: The Autonomous Republic of Crimea held a controversial referendum where voters overwhelmingly chose to join Russia as a federal subject.
- 1452 – Reconquista: The combined forces of Castile and Murcia defeated the Emirate of Granada at the Battle of Los Alporchones around the city of Lorca.
- 1891 – The transatlantic steamship Utopia accidentally collided with the battleship HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar, sinking in less than twenty minutes and killing 562 (wreckage pictured).
- 1955 – Ice hockey fans in Montreal rioted to protest the suspension of Montreal Canadiens star Maurice Richard for hitting an official.
- 1968 – Six thousand sheep were killed on ranches near Dugway Proving Ground in Utah as a result of the U.S. Army spraying a nerve agent.
- 2000 – Over 700 followers of the Ugandan sect Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God died in a mass murder committed by its leaders.
- 1241 – First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelmed the Polish armies of Sandomierz and Kraków provinces in the Battle of Chmielnik and plundered the abandoned city of Kraków.
- 1834 – The Tolpuddle Martyrs were sentenced to transportation to Australia for swearing an illegal oath to join their friendly society in Dorset, England.
- 1921 – The Polish–Soviet War, which determined the borders between the Republic of Poland and Soviet Russia, formally concluded with the signing of the Peace of Riga.
- 1938 – Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas created Pemex, the national petroleum company, by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.
- 1990 – Thieves stole 13 works of art valued at $500 million from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (pictured) in Boston, the largest-value theft of private property in history.
- 1279 – Emperor Bing, the last emperor of the Song dynasty, died during the Battle of Yamen, bringing the dynasty to an end after three centuries.
- 1865 – American Civil War: The last battle of the Carolinas Campaign, the Battle of Bentonville, began, which contributed to the ultimate Union victory in the war.
- 1911 – Socialist German politician Clara Zetkin established the first International Women's Day.
- 1987 – American televangelist Jim Bakker resigned as the head of The PTL Club in the midst of a sex scandal.
- 2008 – The gamma-ray burst GRB 080319B (artist's impression pictured), the farthest object that could be seen by the naked eye, was observed.
- 235 – Maximinus Thrax succeeded to the throne of the Roman Empire, a so-called barracks emperor who gained power by virtue of his command of the army.
- 1852 – Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe (pictured) was first published, profoundly affecting attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the United States.
- 1922 – The United States Navy commissioned its first aircraft carrier, USS Langley.
- 1987 – The antiretroviral drug zidovudine (AZT) became the first antiviral drug approved for use against HIV and AIDS.
- 1993 – The Troubles: The second of two bomb attacks by the Provisional IRA in Warrington, England, killed two children.
- 1556 – Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer, one of the founders of Anglicanism, was burnt at the stake in Oxford, England, for heresy.
- 1918 – First World War: The German Army opened the Spring Offensive with Operation Michael, attempting to break through the Allied lines and to seize ports on the English Channel.
- 1952 – The first major rock and roll concert, the Moondog Coronation Ball, was held at the Cleveland Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
- 1968 – War of Attrition: The Israel Defense Forces clashed with the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Jordanian Armed Forces during the Battle of Karameh (aftermath pictured).
- 2006 – A man using a hammer smashed the statue of Phra Phrom in the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok, Thailand, and was subsequently beaten to death by bystanders.
- 238 – Because of his father's advanced age, Gordian II was proclaimed joint Roman emperor with Gordian I.
- 1765 – The Parliament of Great Britain passed the Stamp Act, requiring that many printed materials in the Thirteen Colonies in British America carry a tax stamp.
- 1943 – World War II: Almost the entire population of the village of Khatyn in Belarus was massacred by Nazi forces, with participation from their Ukrainian and Belarusian collaborators.
- 1995 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov (pictured) of the Soyuz programme returned from the Mir space station after 437 days in space, setting a record for the longest spaceflight.
- 2004 – Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, a Palestinian imam who was a founder and the spiritual leader of Hamas, was killed by a missile from an Israeli helicopter gunship as he left early morning prayers.
- 1848 – Scottish settlers on the John Wickliffe, captained by William Cargill, arrived at what is now Port Chalmers in the Otago Region of New Zealand.
- 1888 – Led by William McGregor, ten football clubs met in London for the purpose of founding the Football League, the oldest league competition in world football.
- 1908 – American diplomat Durham Stevens, an employee of Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was assassinated in San Francisco by two Korean American immigrants unhappy with his recent support of the increasing Japanese presence in Korea.
- 1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashed into a hillside in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, after the pilot's 16-year-old son, while seated at the controls, had unknowingly disabled the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.
- 2001 – The Russian Federal Space Agency deorbited the 15-year-old space station Mir (pictured), causing it to reenter the Earth's atmosphere and break up over the Pacific Ocean.
- 1603 – King James VI of Scotland (pictured) acceded to the thrones of England and Ireland, becoming James I of England and unifying the crowns of the kingdoms for the first time.
- 1860 – Rōnin samurai of the Mito Domain assassinated Japanese Chief Minister Ii Naosuke, upset with his role in the opening of Japan to foreign powers.
- 1921 – The 1921 Women's Olympiad, the first international women's sports event, opened at the International Sporting Club of Monaco in Monte Carlo.
- 1934 – The Tydings–McDuffie Act came into effect, which provided for self-government of the Philippines and for Filipino independence from the United States after a period of ten years.
- 2008 – The Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party, led by Jigme Thinley, won 45 out of 47 seats in the National Assembly of Bhutan in the country's first-ever general election.
- 1410 – The Yongle Emperor launched the first of his military campaigns against the Mongols, resulting in the fall of the Mongol khan Bunyashiri.
- 1807 – The Slave Trade Act became law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.
- 1917 – Following the overthrow of the Russian tsar Nicholas II, Georgia's bishops unilaterally restored the autocephaly of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
- 1948 – Meteorologists at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City, United States, issued the world's first tornado forecast after noticing conditions similar to another tornado that had struck five days earlier.
- 1975 – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia (pictured) was shot and killed by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid.
- 1169 – Saladin was inaugurated as vizier of Egypt.
- 1812 – The Boston Gazette printed a cartoon (pictured) coining the term "gerrymander", named after Governor Elbridge Gerry's approval of legislation that created oddly shaped electoral districts.
- 1917 – First World War: Attempting to advance into Palestine, the British were defeated by Ottoman troops at the First Battle of Gaza.
- 1974 – A group of peasant women in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand, India, surrounded trees in order to prevent loggers from felling them, giving rise to the Chipko movement.
- 2010 – An explosion allegedly caused by a North Korean torpedo sank the South Korean warship ROKS Cheonan, killing 46 sailors.
- 1782 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, a leading British Whig Party statesman, began his second non-consecutive term as Prime Minister of Great Britain.
- 1884 – Outraged by a jury's decision to convict a man of manslaughter instead of murder, a mob in Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S., began three days of rioting.
- 1958 – First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev also took over the role of Premier.
- 1977 – Two Boeing 747 airliners (one pictured) collided on a foggy runway at Los Rodeos Airport on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 people in the worst aircraft accident in aviation history.
- 2009 – A suicide bomber killed at least 48 people at a mosque in Jamrud, in the Khyber Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.
Rosa Campbell Praed (b. 1851) ·
- 1802 – German astronomer Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers discovered 2 Pallas, the second asteroid ever identified.
- 1862 – American Civil War: An invasion of the New Mexico Territory by the Confederate States Army was halted at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
- 1910 – Near Martigues, France, French aviator Henri Fabre's Fabre Hydravion (pictured) became the first seaplane to take off from water under its own power.
- 2003 – Invasion of Iraq: In a friendly fire incident, two members of the United States Air Force attacked the United Kingdom's Blues and Royals regiment, killing one soldier and injuring five.
Sybil Irving (d. 1973) ·
- 845 – Viking raiders possibly led by the legendary Ragnar Lodbrok captured Paris and held the city for a huge ransom.
- 1882 – The Knights of Columbus, the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization, was founded by Michael J. McGivney in New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
- 1942 – Second World War: The British Royal Air Force completed a bombing raid on Lübeck, the first major success for RAF Bomber Command against a German city.
- 1969 – The New People's Army (original flag pictured), the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines, was formed.
- 1800 – William Matthews was ordained as the first British America-born Catholic priest.
- 1999 – The strongest earthquake to hit the foothills of the Himalayas in more than ninety years killed 103 people.
Helene Deutsch (d. 1982) ·
- 1867 – U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward negotiated the purchase of Alaska for US$7.2 million from Russia.
- 1899 – A committee of the German Society of Chemistry invited other national scientific organizations to appoint delegates to form the International Committee on Atomic Weights.
- 1918 – Fighting began during the March Days revolt in Baku, Azerbaijan, resulting in up to 12,000 deaths.
- 1950 – Usmar Ismail (pictured) began filming Darah dan Doa, formally recognised as the first Indonesian film.
- 2009 – Twelve gunmen attacked the Manawan Police Academy in Lahore, Pakistan, and held it for several hours before security forces could retake it.
- 1146 – French abbot Bernard of Clairvaux preached a sermon to a crowd at Vézelay, with King Louis VII in attendance, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade.
- 1492 – The Catholic Monarchs of Spain issued the Alhambra Decree, ordering all Jews to convert to Christianity or be expelled from the country.
- 1889 – The Eiffel Tower (pictured) was inaugurated in Paris, becoming a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world.
- 1942 – Second World War: Because of a mutiny by Indian soldiers against their British officers, Japanese troops captured Christmas Island without any resistance.
- 1970 – Nine Japanese communists armed with samurai swords and pipe bombs hijacked Japan Airlines Flight 351 on its way from Tokyo to Fukuoka.
- 1992 – USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, was decommissioned in Long Beach, California.