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|<<||Selected anniversaries for June||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page|
2019 day arrangement
- 1495 – An entry in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland made the first recorded mention of Scotch whisky.
- 1813 – War of 1812: Mortally wounded during a battle against the Royal Navy frigate HMS Shannon, American commander James Lawrence of the USS Chesapeake ordered his crew "Don't give up the ship!", today a popular battle cry.
- 1916 – Louis Brandeis became the first Jew to be appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
- 1943 – Eight German Junkers Ju 88s shot down British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 over the Bay of Biscay off the coast of Spain and France, killing actor Leslie Howard (pictured) and several other notable passengers.
- 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A Franco-Spanish fleet recaptured British-held Diamond Rock (pictured), an uninhabited island at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France.
- 1886 – Grover Cleveland became the only U.S. President to marry in the White House when he wed Frances Folsom.
- 1953 – Elizabeth II was crowned Queen of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey.
- 1962 – One of the most violent football matches ever took place at the World Cup when police had to intervene multiple times as Chile defeated Italy in a group match.
- 2010 – A gunman went on a shooting spree in Cumbria, England, killing 12 people and injuring 11 others before committing suicide.
- 1658 – Pope Alexander VII appointed François de Laval as vicar apostolic of New France.
- 1943 – Off-duty U.S. sailors fought with Mexican American youths in Los Angeles, spawning the Zoot Suit Riots.
- 1968 – American artist Andy Warhol (pictured) and two others were shot and wounded at his New York City studio "The Factory" by radical feminist Valerie Solanas.
- 2012 – Dana Air Flight 992, a passenger flight from Abuja to Lagos, Nigeria, suffered dual engine failure and crashed into a building, resulting in the deaths of all 153 on board and 10 more on the ground.
- 1561 –The spire of Old St Paul's Cathedral in London was destroyed by fire, probably caused by lightning.
- 1792 – Royal Navy Captain George Vancouver (pictured) claimed Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
- 1944 – A United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505, the first warship to be captured by U.S. forces on the high seas since the War of 1812.
- 1967 – A chartered aircraft owned by British Midland Airways crashed near Stockport, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom, killing 72 of the 84 passengers and crew on board.
- 1998 – Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
- 663 – The Daming Palace (reconstructed gate pictured) became the government seat and royal residence of the Tang empire during Emperor Gaozong's reign.
- 1832 – The June Rebellion, an anti-monarchist uprising, broke out in Paris.
- 1899 – Filipino army general Antonio Luna was assassinated in the midst of the Philippine–American War.
- 1968 – Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan fatally shot U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.
- 1997 – Anticipating a coup attempt, President Pascal Lissouba of the Congo ordered the detainment of his rival Denis Sassou Nguesso, thus initiating a second civil war.
- 1674 – Shivaji (pictured), who led a resistance to free the Maratha from the Sultanate of Bijapur and the Mughal Empire, was crowned the first Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire.
- 1813 – War of 1812: The British ambushed an American encampment near present-day Stoney Creek, Ontario, capturing two senior officers.
- 1944 – World War II: The Invasion of Normandy, the largest amphibious military operation in history, began with Allied troops landing on the beaches of Normandy in France.
- 1985 – The remains of Josef Mengele, a Nazi physician notorious for human experiments performed on Auschwitz inmates, were exhumed in Embu das Artes, Brazil.
- 2004 – During a joint sitting of both houses of the Indian Parliament, President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam announced that Tamil was to be made the first legally recognised classical language of India.
- 1692 – An estimated 7.5 MW earthquake caused Port Royal, Jamaica, to sink below sea level and killed approximately 5,000 people.
- 1788 – Citizens of Grenoble threw roof tiles onto royal soldiers, an event sometimes credited as the beginning of the French Revolution.
- 1810 – Journalist Mariano Moreno (pictured) published Argentina's first newspaper, the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres.
- 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Nationalist government destroyed dikes holding the Yellow River in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces, causing a flood that killed at least 400,000 people.
- 1998 – Three white supremacists murdered African American James Byrd Jr. by chaining him behind a pickup truck and dragging him along an asphalt road in Jasper, Texas.
- 218 – With the support of the Syrian legions, Elagabalus defeated the forces of Roman emperor Macrinus.
- 1862 – American Civil War: The Confederate Army won a resounding victory at the Battle of Cross Keys, one of the two decisive battles in Jackson's Valley Campaign.
- 1929 – Margaret Bondfield (pictured) became the first female member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom when she was named Minister of Labour by Ramsay MacDonald.
- 1972 – Vietnam War: Associated Press photographer Nick Ut took his Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of a naked nine-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc running down a road after being burned by napalm.
- 2008 – A Japanese man drove a truck into a crowd of pedestrians in the Akihabara district of Tokyo, then proceeded to stab at least 12 people before being apprehended.
- 747 – Abu Muslim initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard.
- 1523 – Simon de Colines, a Parisian printer, was fined for printing Biblical commentary by Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples without obtaining prior approval.
- 1928 – Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith (pictured) and his crew landed their Southern Cross aircraft in Brisbane, completing the first ever trans-Pacific flight from the United States mainland to Australia.
- 1965 – The Viet Cong commenced combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of Dong Xoai, one of the largest battles in the Vietnam War.
- 2010 – A boy wearing a bomb committed a suicide attack at a wedding in Arghandab District, Kandahar, Afghanistan, killing at least 40 people and injuring 70 others.
- 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River in Anatolia.
- 1692 – Bridget Bishop became the first person executed for witchcraft in the Salem witch trials.
- 1878 – The League of Prizren was officially founded "to struggle in arms to defend the wholeness of the territories of Albania".
- 1918 – World War I: Italian torpedo boats sank the Austro-Hungarian dreadnought SMS Szent István (pictured) off the Dalmatian coast.
- 2008 – War in Afghanistan: An airstrike by the United States resulted in the deaths of eleven paramilitary members of the Pakistan Army Frontier Corps and eight Taliban fighters in Pakistan's tribal areas.
- 1345 – Inspecting a new prison without being escorted by his bodyguard, the megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, was lynched by the prisoners.
- 1775 – The Battle of Machias, the first naval engagement of the American Revolutionary War, commenced in and around the port of Machias in what is now eastern Maine.
- 1917 – Alexander (pictured) was crowned King of Greece, succeeding his father Constantine, who had abdicated.
- 1955 – More than 80 people were killed by debris after cars driven by Pierre Levegh and Lance Macklin collided during the 23rd running of the 24 Hours of Le Mans sports car endurance race.
- 2008 – Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologised to the First Nations for past governments' policies of forced assimilation.
- 1240 – The Disputation of Paris began in the court of King Louis IX, in which four rabbis defended the Talmud against Nicholas Donin's accusations of blasphemy.
- 1775 – Governor Thomas Gage of the Province of Massachusetts Bay offered a general pardon to colonists who remained loyal to Britain.
- 1954 – Dominic Savio (pictured), who was 14 years old when he died, was canonised by Pope Pius XII, making him the youngest non-martyr saint in the Roman Catholic Church until 2017.
- 1978 – American serial killer David Berkowitz, popularly known as the "Son of Sam", was sentenced to 25-years-to-life in prison for each of six killings.
- 2001 – Robert Edward Dyer was sentenced to 16 years' imprisonment for conducting a six-month long letter bomb campaign against the British supermarket chain Tesco.
- 1805 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition became the first European Americans to sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
- 1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, underdog James J. Braddock (pictured) defeated Max Baer to become the heavyweight champion of the world.
- 1952 – Soviet warplanes shot down a Swedish military Douglas DC-3A-360 Skytrain carrying out signals intelligence gathering operations, which was followed by the shootdown of a Catalina flying boat searching for the Skytrain three days later.
- 1982 – Fahd became King of Saudi Arabia, succeeding his half-brother Khalid upon the latter's death.
- 2013 – Some of the closest advisors and collaborators of Czech Prime Minister Petr Nečas were arrested for corruption.
- 1381 – During the Peasants' Revolt in England, rebels entered the Tower of London, killing the Lord Chancellor and the Lord High Treasurer, whom they found inside.
- 1846 – Anglo-American settlers in Sonoma, California, began a rebellion against Mexico, proclaiming the California Republic and eventually raising a homemade flag with a bear and star.
- 1888 – The Kingdom of Sarawak, on the northwestern part of the island of Borneo, was made a British protectorate.
- 1940 – Second World War: Four days after the French government fled Paris, German forces occupied the French capital, a major accomplishment in the operation Fall Rot.
- 2017 – A fire destroyed Grenfell Tower (pictured) in Kensington, London, killing 72 people.
- 1520 – Pope Leo X issued the papal bull Exsurge Domine to censure propositions from Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses and threaten him with excommunication.
- 1815 – The Duchess of Richmond held a ball in Brussels, Belgium, that was described as "the most famous ball in history".
- 1919 – After nearly 16 hours, the Vickers Vimy flown by John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown crash-landed in County Galway, Ireland, to complete the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
- 1978 – King Hussein of Jordan married American Lisa Halaby, who became known as Queen Noor of Jordan (pictured).
- 2012 – Nik Wallenda became the first person to walk a tightrope stretched directly over Niagara Falls.
- 1755 – After a two-week siege, the French commander of Fort Beauséjour surrendered to the British, marking the end of Father Le Loutre's War.
- 1883 – More than 180 out of 1,100 children died in the Victoria Hall stampede in Sunderland, England, when they ran down the stairs to collect gifts after a variety show.
- 1904 – Irish author James Joyce (pictured) began his relationship with Nora Barnacle, and subsequently used the date to set the actions for his 1922 novel Ulysses.
- 1960 – The thriller/horror film Psycho, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on a novel of the same name by Robert Bloch, was released.
- 2012 – Liu Yang became the first Chinese woman in space, as a member of the Shenzhou 9 crew.
- 1397 – The three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway were joined into the Kalmar Union, a personal union under Erik of Pomerania.
- 1579 – Explorer Francis Drake landed in a region of present-day California, naming it New Albion and claiming it for England.
- 1843 – New Zealand Wars: An armed posse of Europeans set out from Nelson to arrest Ngāti Toa chief Te Rauparaha and clashed with Māori, resulting in 26 deaths.
- 1940 – Second World War: Britain's worst maritime disaster occurred when at least 3,000 people were killed as a result of the troopship RMS Lancastria's sinking by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
- 2015 – A white supremacist committed a mass shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina, killing nine people during a prayer service (memorial service pictured).
- 618 – Li Yuan (pictured) declared himself to be emperor of a new Chinese dynasty known as Tang, which lasted for three centuries.
- 1178 – Five Canterbury monks observed what was possibly the formation of the Giordano Bruno crater, a small lunar impact crater on the far side of the Moon.
- 1812 – The United States declared war against the United Kingdom, officially beginning the War of 1812.
- 1954 – Carlos Castillo Armas led a Central Intelligence Agency-sponsored invasion force across the Guatemalan border, setting in motion the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état.
- 1994 – The Troubles: Ulster Volunteer Force members attacked a crowded bar in Loughinisland, Northern Ireland, with assault rifles, killing six.
- 1800 – War of the Second Coalition: General Jean Victor Marie Moreau led French forces to victory in the Battle of Höchstädt, opening the Danube passageway to Vienna.
- 1816 – The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies, engaged in a violent confrontation in present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
- 1953 – Americans Julius and Ethel Rosenberg (pictured) were executed as spies who passed U.S. nuclear weapons secrets to the Soviet Union.
- 1970 – The Patent Cooperation Treaty, an international law treaty, was signed, providing a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions.
- 451 – Flavius Aetius, with the help of Roman foederati, defeated Attila in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, and halted the invasion of Gaul by the Huns and their allies.
- 1837 – Victoria (pictured) succeeded to the British throne, starting a reign that lasted for more than 63 years.
- 1921 – Workers at the Buckingham and Carnatic Mills in the city of Madras, India, began a four-month strike.
- 1943 – Rioting between blacks and whites began on Belle Isle, Detroit, Michigan, and continued for three days.
- 1975 – The film Jaws was released, becoming the prototypical summer blockbuster and establishing the modern Hollywood business model.
- 1734 – A black slave known as Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of setting the fire that destroyed much of Montreal, was tortured and then hanged in New France.
- 1854 – Crimean War: During the first Battle of Bomarsund, Irish sailor Charles Davis Lucas threw an artillery shell off his ship before it exploded, earning him the first Victoria Cross.
- 1898 – In a bloodless event during the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam from Spain.
- 1948 – The Manchester Baby (replica pictured), the world's first stored-program computer, ran its first computer program.
- 1963 – Italian cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was elected as Pope Paul VI.
- 1593 – Ottoman forces were crushingly defeated by the Habsburgs at Sisak (now in Croatia), triggering the Long War.
- 1813 – War of 1812: After learning of a forthcoming American attack, Laura Secord (pictured) set out on a 32 km (20 mi) journey from Queenston, Ontario, Upper Canada, on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon.
- 1948 – Over 800 West Indian immigrants disembarked the British troopship HMT Empire Windrush at Tilbury, England, becoming known as the "Windrush generation".
- 1986 – Argentine footballer Diego Maradona scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century" against England during the quarter-final match of the FIFA World Cup.
- 2002 – An earthquake measuring 6.5 Mw struck a region of northwestern Iran, killing at least 261 people and injuring 1,300 others, and eventually causing widespread public anger due to the slow official response.
- 1594 – Anglo-Spanish War: During the Action of Faial, an English attempt to capture a Portuguese carrack, reputedly one of the richest ever to set sail from the Indies, caused it to explode with all the treasure lost.
- 1894 – Led by French historian Pierre de Coubertin (pictured), an international congress at the Sorbonne in Paris founded the International Olympic Committee to reinstate the ancient Olympic Games.
- 1982 – Chinese American Vincent Chin died after being beaten into a coma in Highland Park, Michigan, U.S., by two automotive workers who were angry about the success of Japanese auto companies.
- 2013 – A group of militants stormed a high-altitude mountaineering base camp in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, and killed 11 people; 10 climbers and one local guide.
- 1340 – Hundred Years' War: The English fleet commanded by Edward III almost totally destroyed the French fleet at the Battle of Sluys.
- 1571 – Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi established a council to govern the city of Manila (Manila Cathedral pictured), now the capital of the Philippines.
- 1943 – An attempt by white U.S. Army military police to arrest black servicemen at a pub in Bamber Bridge, England, turned into a firefight, leaving one dead and seven injured.
- 1973 – A fire was started at the UpStairs Lounge, a gay bar in New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S., causing 32 deaths.
- 2010 – Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.
- 1658 – Anglo-Spanish War: English colonial forces repelled a Spanish attack in the largest battle ever fought on the island of Jamaica.
- 1940 – World War II: The evacuation of nearly 200,000 Allied soldiers from French ports was completed.
- 1967 – More than an estimated 400 million people viewed Our World, the first live international satellite television production.
- 1978 – The rainbow flag (most common version pictured) representing gay pride first flew in the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.
- 2013 – In response to a Freedom of Information request, the CIA admitted the existence of Area 51, the secretive military airfield in Nevada that has become a focus of various UFO and conspiracy theories.
- 1295 – Przemysł II was crowned King of Poland, the first coronation of a Polish ruler in 219 years.
- 1848 – French authorities suppressed the June Days uprising (pictured), in which workers rioted in response to plans to close the National Workshops.
- 1918 – World War I: The 26-day Battle of Belleau Wood near the Marne River in France ended with American forces finally clearing that forest of German troops.
- 1945 – At a conference in San Francisco, delegates from 50 nations signed a charter establishing the United Nations.
- 2015 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that the right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by the 14th Amendment.
- 678 – Pope Agatho, later venerated as a saint in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, began his pontificate.
- 1899 – A. E. J. Collins (pictured) scored 628 runs not out, the highest-ever recorded score in cricket until 2016.
- 1954 – The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant was connected to the electrical grid, becoming the world's first nuclear power plant to produce electricity industrially.
- 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult released sarin gas in Matsumoto, Japan, killing 8 and injuring over 500 others.
- 2008 – Robert Mugabe was re-elected as President of Zimbabwe with an overwhelming majority after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The South Carolina militia repelled a British attack on Charleston.
- 1841 – Giselle (Anna Pavlova pictured in the title role), a ballet by French composer Adolphe Adam, was first performed at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris.
- 1911 – The first meteorite to suggest signs of aqueous processes on Mars fell to Earth in Abu Hummus, Egypt.
- 1978 – In Regents of the Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke, the U.S. Supreme Court barred quota systems in college admissions but declared that affirmative action programs giving advantage to minorities are constitutional.
- 2016 – Gunmen attacked Istanbul's Atatürk Airport, killing 45 people and injuring more than 230 others.
- 1149 – Second Crusade: An army led by Nur ad-Din Zangi destroyed the forces of Antioch led by Prince Raymond.
- 1659 – Russo-Polish War: The hetman of Ukraine Ivan Vyhovsky and his allies defeated the armies of Russian Tsardom led by Aleksey Trubetskoy at the Battle of Konotop in the present-day Sumy Oblast of Ukraine.
- 1914 – During the second day of the anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo (aftermath pictured), numerous buildings owned by ethnic Serbs were vandalized and looted.
- 1950 – In one of the greatest upsets in tournament history, the United States defeated England during the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
- 1985 – The European Economic Community adopted the Flag of Europe, a flag previously adopted by the Council of Europe in 1955.
- 1559 – During a jousting match, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded when fragments of the splintered lance of Gabriel Montgomery pierced his eye.
- 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Gorge on a tightrope, making him one of the world's most famous tightrope walkers.
- 1894 – London's Tower Bridge (pictured), a combined bascule and suspension bridge over the River Thames, opened.
- 1960 – The Belgian Congo received its independence from colonial rule, beginning a period of instability that ended in the dictatorship of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu in 1965.
- 1985 – Ryan White, a poster child for HIV/AIDS in the U.S., was denied re-admittance to his school, having developed it due to his treatments for hemophilia.