What Men Live By (opera)
|Operas by Bohuslav Martinů|
What Men Live By (Čím člověk žije in Czech) is an opera in one act by Bohuslav Martinů to an English libretto by the composer, based on the story by Leo Tolstoy. It was composed in 1951-1952 when the composer was living in the U.S.A.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast|
31 July 1954
|Martin Avdeitch, a cobbler||baritone|
|An old peasant pilgrim||bass|
|Stepanitch, an old soldier||bass|
|A woman with a child||soprano|
|An old woman||contralto|
|A boy||spoken role|
The orchestral score requires 1 flute, 2 oboes, 3 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 1 trumpet, 1 trombone, timpani, percussion (various instruments), piano and strings (6 violins I, 6 violins II, 4 violas, 3 violoncellos, 2 double basses). Apart from the vocal soloists, a small chorus (or a vocal quartet or quintet) is also required.