Valley National Bank of Arizona
Valley National Bank branch in Safford in the 1950s, prominently showing the bank's longtime octagonal logo
|Fate||Acquired by Bank One|
|Founded||January 16, 1900in Solomonville, Arizona as Gila Valley Bank|
|Defunct||March 31, 1992|
|Headquarters||Valley Center (now Chase Tower), Phoenix, Arizona United States|
|Walter Bimson, chairman (1933-1970)|
Valley National Bank of Arizona was a bank based in Phoenix, Arizona, founded in 1900 and acquired by Bank One in 1992. The bank was one of Arizona's leading financial institutions during the 20th century and the last major independent bank in Arizona at the time of its acquisition.
Formation and early development
The history of Valley National Bank can be traced back to the establishment of the Gila Valley Bank in Solomonville, Arizona, in Graham County, on January 16, 1900. The primary shareholder of the Gila Valley Bank was town founder Isadore Solomon, who established the town to support the area's copper mines. The bank was well-positioned to contribute to nearby communities in Arizona's copper mining country, such as Safford, Morenci and Clifton.
The Valley Bank, another predecessor to Valley National Bank, was a Phoenix-based institution that primarily served agricultural businesses. In 1914, overlending left Valley Bank short on capital, and fearing a run on the bank, shareholders closed the bank in November. They turned to Gila Valley Bank, asking that institution to assist Valley Bank; Gila Valley purchased some Valley Bank assets, and in 1922, the two combined into the Valley Bank of Arizona, later named The Valley Bank and Trust Company. The bank continued to grow by mergers; upon its 1935 merger with Consolidated National Bank of Tucson, the institution became known as Valley National Bank of Arizona.
In 1932, Valley Bank built a headquarters for the expanding company in conjunction with the Maricopa County Medical Society, the Professional Building. In 1939, Valley Bank took over the entire building; from 1958 to 1972, a large rotating Valley National Bank neon sign adorned the structure.
The Great Depression and Walter Bimson
The Great Depression hurt Valley Bank severely. In 1933, many banks nationwide were closing their doors. Meanwhile, Walter Bimson, the son of a blacksmith who had studied economics and was working at Harris Trust and Savings Bank in Chicago, traveled to the Southwest and was impressed with the region. In that year, Valley Bank hired Bimson as its president.
Bimson's banking policy broke with conventional wisdom. Amidst the depression, he instructed bank personnel to continue lending, believing that adequate funds existed in the communities but that lending would be the spark needed to restart the economy. These policies began to put Valley Bank at the forefront. Within a year after coming to Arizona, Valley Bank was the first in Arizona to become a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and it was one of the first to provide government-guaranteed home loans; in 1936, one Miami, Arizona, furniture company credited the government's FHA programs and Valley National Bank for a 60% increase in business.
Bimson's policies made Valley National Bank a success; he remained the bank's driving figure until 1952, and stayed on as chairman of the board until 1970.
With the postwar growth of Arizona, Valley National Bank expanded as well. It built branches throughout the rapidly expanding Phoenix metropolitan area and the rest of the state. In a 1961 article in the Los Angeles Times, Arizona senator Barry Goldwater characterized the bank's growth as one that "parallels the explosive progress of Arizona".
In 1972, it built the Valley Center in downtown Phoenix, which remains the tallest building in the state of Arizona; in 1981, it opened its 200th branch, in Solomonville, the town where the bank began. At the same time, it was a pioneer in banking services; it was the first bank in Arizona to issue a credit card in 1965 and the pioneer of direct deposits for Social Security in 1973, a program that was taken nationwide two years later. It also was early with drive-in banking branches and in issuing photo IDs to customers.
Interstate banking activities
The savings and loan crisis of the late 1980s initially caused major losses at Valley National, which lost $149 million in 1989. The bank rebounded, and posted positive earnings in 1990 ($7.5 million) and 1991 ($34.6 million).
To enable expansion into neighboring states, Valley National Bank formed a holding company called Valley National Corporation on July 1, 1981.
In its first expansion move, Valley National Corp. purchased Fresno, California-based California Valley Bank and Salt Lake City, Utah-based Valley Utah Bancorp. in 1987. The acquisitions were not renamed. At the time of merger with Valley Utah, Valley National Bank had 250 branch offices in Arizona and Valley Utah had 35 branches in Utah. By 1988, Valley National halted their interstate expansion plans due to troubled foreign loans in its portfolio. Within a year, its cash flow was severe enough that Valley National was seriously considering selling its out-of-state bank holdings. To economize, less-productive branch offices were closed. Within a few months, the real estate market recovered enough that Valley National decided to retain its out-of-state banks.
Bank One Arizona
On April 14, 1992, Valley National Corp. announced its merger with Bank One for $1.2 billion ($2.14 billion in 2018 dollars) in stock. At the time of the merger, it had 206 Arizona branches, plus 35 in Utah (where it operated as Valley Bank and Trust Company of Utah) and seven in California (under the name California Valley Bank), and it held $11 billion in assets. The merger was finalized on March 31, 1993 and the holding companies Valley National Corp. became Banc One Arizona and Valley Utah Bancorp became Banc One Utah. The banks Valley National Bank became Bank One Arizona, Valley Bank and Trust became Bank One Utah, and California Valley Bank became Bank One Fresno. Within two years of the merger, Banc One withdrew from California by selling Bank One Fresno to ValliCorp Holdings, the holding company of Valliwide Bank, formerly the Bank of Fresno.
In May 1994, Banc One Corporation increased their holdings in Arizona by acquiring the 58 of 60 Arizona offices of the failed San Diego-based Great American Bank from the Resolution Trust Corporation for $49.36 million. The newly acquired offices were added to the Banc One Arizona holding company and integrated into Bank One Arizona.
Some Valley National Bank branches and offices, including Valley Center (now known as Chase Tower), are still occupied by Bank One's successor, Chase.
Four buildings associated with Valley National Bank are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Arizona:
- The Gila Valley Bank and Trust Building in Globe, constructed in 1909
- The Valley National Bank Building in Tucson, constructed in 1929 for Consolidated National Bank of Tucson and the oldest skyscraper in the city
- The Professional Building in Phoenix, home of The Valley Bank and Trust/Valley National Bank from 1932 to 1972
- The Valley National Bank branch in Casa Grande, constructed in 1950
Valley National Bank retained a large art collection, displayed at its offices and branch locations, until the bank's 1992 acquisition. By then, the collection featured 3,500 pieces and was large enough that the art was displayed on every floor of Valley Center (including in the building's Walter Reed Bimson Gallery of Art), in every Valley National Bank branch, and additionally filled a large warehouse; the bank also employed an art curator. The collection was sold off by Bank One upon its acquisition of Valley National, and the pieces are in the hands of museums, private collectors, and with JPMorgan Chase in Manhattan.
- "Buyout would put Banc One in top 8". Bloomington Pantagraph. 1992-04-15. p. D2. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- LaVoie, Robin (October 2003). "Guide to MS 44 Valley National Bank Collection, 1898–1992" (PDF). Arizona Historical Society.
- "Business Increase Laid to FHA Plans: Modernization Program Is Boon to Arizona Firms". The Washington Post. 1936-02-09. p. R7. Retrieved 2014-01-25. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Goldwater, Barry (1961-08-15). "Some Philosophy From a Banker". Los Angeles Times. p. B4. Retrieved 2014-01-25. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- Narisetti, Raju (1992-04-15). "Banc One Agrees To Acquire Chain In Western States - Valley National Emerging From Losses". Dayton Daily News. p. 4B. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Stockholder Meeting Briefs". Wall Street Journal. April 15, 1981. p. 42.
Valley National Bank shareholders approved a previously announced plan to reorganize the bank into a holding company: Valley National Corp. Under the plan, the bank's holders will receive three shares of Valley National Corp. for each two shares of Valley National Bank held. The bank currently has 11,242,801 shares outstanding. The record date for the stock swap is July 1.Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Valley National of Arizona bought a Fresno bank". Los Angeles Times. 1986-12-04. p. 2. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Valley Utah, Arizona Banks Will Merge". Deseret News. 1986-10-25. p. B1 – via Google News.
- "Valley Utah Bancorp. and Valley National complete merger". Deseret News. 1987-05-21. p. D13 – via Google News.
- Adelson, Andrea (1988-02-12). "Valley National Finds Chief at Smaller Rival". New York Times.
Valley National, which has 8,000 employees and three operating units. Besides the 260-branch Valley National Bank of Arizona, the company owns Valley Utah Bancorp and California Valley Bank of Fresno, both acquired in 1987. After a $44.4 million loss in 1987, mostly due to troubled foreign loans, Valley National put its expansion plans on hold.
- "Valley National Corp. Hires First Boston To Sell 2 Bank Unit". Wall Street Journal. 1990-06-07. Alternate Link via ProQuest.
- "Valley National Corp. Changes Mind About Selling Bank In Utah". Deseret News. 1991-03-22.
- "Valley National Corp. to retain subsidiaries". Kingman Daily Miner. 1991-03-24 – via Google News.
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 2, 2019.
- Quint, Michael (1992-04-15). "Banc One Set to Acquire Valley National for Stock". New York Times.
- Adelson, Andrea (1992-11-24). "Banc One Names Head For New Unit". New York Times.
- Bates, James (1992-04-15). "Large Ohio Bank Moving Into the West : Banking: Banc One will acquire Valley National of Arizona, creating the country's eighth-largest institution". Los Angeles Times. p. 1.
- Nett, Walt (1992-04-15). "Valley, Ohio-based bank reveal merger". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Banc One completes Valley National deal". United Press International. 1993-03-31.
- Knudson, Max b. (1993-04-01). "Valley Bank & Trust Now Part Of Banc One". Deseret News.
- "Vallicorp Holdings Announces Plans to Acquire Bank One Fresno". PR Newswire (Press release). 1994-06-22 – via The Free Library.
- "Banking". Los Angeles Times. May 14, 1994.
Banc One Buys 58 Great American Branches: Banc One Corp. purchased the Arizona branches of San Diego-based Great American Bank, which was seized by federal regulators in 1991.
- "Banking giants seek Arizona expansion". Tucson Citizen. June 6, 1994.
But with Banc One Corp.’s May 13 purchase of Great American’s 58-branch franchise, the options for acquiring a share of the Arizona market have become fewer and more costly. Banc One paid $49.36 million for Great American’s branches and $1.4 billion in deposits.
- Nett, Walt (May 14, 1994). "Bank One buys most of Great American; deal with RTC will cost $49.3 million". Arizona Daily Star. p. 1A.
Bank One Arizona, attracted by a network of bank branches in grocery stores, yesterday bought 58 of Great American Bank's 60 Arizona offices from the Resolution Trust Corp.
- Danilov, Victor J. (1992). A Planning Guide for Corporate Museums, Galleries, and Visitor Centers. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 135. ISBN 9780313276576 – via Google Books.
- "Art Patron, Curator to Judge CG Fiesta". Casa Grande Dispatch. 1976-03-25. p. 5. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- Jarman, Max (2010-04-19). "Bashas' fights to keep $16 million art collection". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2014-01-26.