University of Parma
Università degli Studi di Parma
|Latin: Alma Universitas Studiorum Parmensis|
|Rector||Prof. Paolo Andrei|
|Campus||Both urban (University town) and suburban|
|Sports teams||CUS Parma (http://www.cusparma.it[permanent dead link])|
|Colors||Blue and yellow|
The University of Parma (Italian: Università degli Studi di Parma, UNIPR) is the oldest university in the world, founded in the 10th century. It is organised in nine departments. As of 2016 the University of Parma has about 26,000 students.
The earliest educational institution was founded in AD 962 by imperial decree of Otto I as school for notaries ("potestatem elegendi sive ordinandi sibi notaris"). The faculties of law and medicine were added in the 13th century. Gian Galeazzo Visconti closed the school in 1322. Opened as university in 1412 by Niccolò III d'Este, during the next hundred years it was often reopened and closed. Expanded after 1545 under the patronage of the ducal House of Farnese, the Farnese Duke Ranuccio I founded and endowed the university College of Nobles with a distinguished faculty, but between 1731 and 1748 the university was again neglected. Things improved in 1762 under Duke Ferdinand I de Bourbon, when he founded a great state university at Parma and endowed it with possessions confiscated from the Jesuits. Future Jesuit Father General Luigi Fortis was invited to head the College of Nobles. New studies were added. The university experienced a rapid growth phase and established an astronomical observatory, a botanical garden and laboratories of anatomy, chemistry and experimental physics. In 1811 the French government deemed the university an Academy of the Empire, but it lost this status a mere three years later with the fall of Bonaparte and the expulsion of the French. The university was closed to foreign students in 1831 and fell into decay. It was revived in 1854 by the duchess regent and is now a state administration with administrative autonomy.
Notable students, alumni and faculty
- Francesco Accarigi (c. 1557—1622), professor of civil law
- Flavio Delbono (born 1959), economist and politician
- Giacomo Rizzolatti (born 1937), neuroscientist
- Vittorio Gallese (born 1959), neuroscientist
- Attilio Bertolucci (1911-2000), poet
- Cesare Zavattini (1902-1989), screenwriter
- Giuseppe Mingione (born 1972), mathematician
- Alberto Broggi (born 1966), engineer
- Macedonio Melloni (c. 1798—1854), physicist
- Bernardino Ramazzini (c. 1633—1724), professor of medicine and father of Occupational Medicine
- Cesare Beccaria (c. 1738—1794), economist and criminologist
The university is now divided into 9 departments.
- Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
- Department of Economics and Management
- Department of Engineering and Architecture
- Department of Food and Drug
- Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Cultural Industries
- Department of Law, Politics and International Studies
- Department of Mathematical, Physical and Computer Sciences
- Department of Medicine and Surgery
- Department of Veterinary Science
From 2012 to 2016 the university was divided into 18 departments:
- Department of Arts and Literature, History and Social Studies
- Department of Biomedical, Biotechnological and translational Sciences
- Department of Chemistry
- Department of Civil, Environmental, Land Management, Engineering and Architecture - DICATEA
- Department of Classics, Modern Languages, Education, Philosophy (A.L.E.F.)
- Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine
- Department of Economics
- Department of Food Science
- Department of Industrial Engineering
- Department of Information Engineering
- Department of Law
- Department of Life sciences
- Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
- Department of Neuroscience
- Department of Pharmacy
- Department of Physics and earth sciences “Macedonio Melloni”
- Department of Surgery
The university was formerly divided into 12 faculties:
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Architecture
- Faculty of Arts and Philosophy
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Science.
- Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Political Sciences
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
- European College of Parma
- List of Italian universities
- List of medieval universities
- ICoN Interuniversity Consortium for Italian Studies
- Library assessment
- Gualazzini, Ugo (2001). L'Università di Parma dalle origini al 1545 (in Italian). Parma: Centro Grafico dell'Università.
- Sectio diplo, Reg. Imp. Ger. I, in Diplomata Otonis, Monumenta Germaniae Historica.
- Rossi, Marco (2016-05-23). "Storia dell'Unipr, ateneo di santi, papi, Cesaria Beccaria e (quasi) Petrarca". Parma Ateneo (in Italian).
- Grendler, Paul F. (2004). The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Baltimore MD USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 127–137. ISBN 978-0-8018-8055-1.
- Grendler, Paul F. (2017). The Jesuits and Italian Universities, 1548-1773. Washington DC: CUA Press. pp. 164–170. ISBN 978-0-8132-2936-2.
- University of Parma Website (in Italian) (in English)
- Itinerari medievali: risorse per lo studio del Medioevo (in Italian)