University of Parma

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University of Parma
Università degli Studi di Parma
Latin: Alma Universitas Studiorum Parmensis
RectorProf. Paolo Andrei
Administrative staff
Students26,000 (2016)[2]
CampusBoth urban (University town) and suburban
Sports teamsCUS Parma ([permanent dead link])
ColorsBlue and yellow

The University of Parma (Italian: Università degli Studi di Parma, UNIPR) is the oldest university in the world[3], founded in the 10th century. It is organised in nine departments. As of 2016 the University of Parma has about 26,000 students.


The earliest educational institution was founded in AD 962[1] by imperial decree of Otto I as school for notaries ("potestatem elegendi sive ordinandi sibi notaris")[4]. The faculties of law and medicine were added in the 13th century. Gian Galeazzo Visconti closed the school in 1322. Opened as university in 1412 by Niccolò III d'Este[4], during the next hundred years it was often reopened and closed. Expanded after 1545 under the patronage of the ducal House of Farnese, the Farnese Duke Ranuccio I founded and endowed the university College of Nobles with a distinguished faculty, but between 1731 and 1748 the university was again neglected. Things improved in 1762 under Duke Ferdinand I de Bourbon, when he founded a great state university at Parma and endowed it with possessions confiscated from the Jesuits. Future Jesuit Father General Luigi Fortis was invited to head the College of Nobles. New studies were added. The university experienced a rapid growth phase and established an astronomical observatory, a botanical garden and laboratories of anatomy, chemistry and experimental physics. In 1811 the French government deemed the university an Academy of the Empire, but it lost this status a mere three years later with the fall of Bonaparte and the expulsion of the French. The university was closed to foreign students in 1831 and fell into decay. It was revived in 1854 by the duchess regent and is now a state administration with administrative autonomy.[citation needed]

Notable students, alumni and faculty[edit]


Mathematics and Computer Science Building at the University of Parma

The university is now divided into 9 departments.[5]

  • Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
  • Department of Economics and Management
  • Department of Engineering and Architecture
  • Department of Food and Drug
  • Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Cultural Industries
  • Department of Law, Politics and International Studies
  • Department of Mathematical, Physical and Computer Sciences
  • Department of Medicine and Surgery
  • Department of Veterinary Science

From 2012 to 2016 the university was divided into 18 departments:[6]

The university was formerly divided into 12 faculties:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gualazzini, Ugo (2001). L'Università di Parma dalle origini al 1545 (in Italian). Parma: Centro Grafico dell'Università.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Sectio diplo, Reg. Imp. Ger. I, in Diplomata Otonis, Monumenta Germaniae Historica.
  4. ^ a b Rossi, Marco (2016-05-23). "Storia dell'Unipr, ateneo di santi, papi, Cesaria Beccaria e (quasi) Petrarca". Parma Ateneo (in Italian).
  5. ^
  6. ^


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°48′04″N 10°19′30″E / 44.8010°N 10.3251°E / 44.8010; 10.3251