Trade fair

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IBM stand during CeBIT 2010 at the Hanover Fairground, the largest exhibition ground in the world, in Hanover, Germany

A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or expo) is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities. In contrast to consumer fairs, only some trade fairs are open to the public, while others can only be attended by company representatives (members of the trade, e.g. professionals) and members of the press, therefore trade shows are classified as either "public" or "trade only". A few fairs are hybrids of the two; one example is the Frankfurt Book Fair, which is trade only for its first three days and open to the general public on its final two days. They are held on a continuing basis in virtually all markets and normally attract companies from around the globe. For example, in the U.S., there are currently over 10,000[1] trade shows held every year, and several online directories have been established to help organizers, attendees, and marketers identify appropriate events.

History[edit]

Modern trade fairs follow in the tradition of trade fairs established in late medieval Europe, in the era of merchant capitalism. In this era, produce and craft producers visited towns for trading fairs, to sell and showcase products. From the late eighteenth century, industrial exhibitions in Europe and North America became more common reflecting the technological dynamism of the Industrial Revolution.

In the late 19th century, the concept of annual industry-wide trade shows gained traction, spreading from European manufacturing centers to North America. By the 20th century, specialized companies came into existence simply to manage the trade-show industry, and permanent trade show grounds or convention centers were established as venues that featured a rotating calendar of trade shows.

In the 21st century, with the rapid industrialization of Asia, trade shows and exhibitions are now commonplace throughout the Asian continent, with China dominating the exhibitions industry in Asia, accounting for more than 55 per cent of all space sold in the region in 2011.[2]

Use[edit]

Trade fairs play important roles in marketing as well as business networking in market sectors that use them. People will seek to meet people and companies at their own level in the supply chain, as well as potential suppliers and potential buyers.[3]

Generally there will be a central trade show floor with booths where people exhibit their goods or services, and throughout the day there will be seminars for continuing education on matters relevant to the industry, like best practices, trends, and regulation. There will also be some shared meals with keynote speakers, and social events in the evenings.[3] Booths range from simple tables to elaborate constructions.[4]

Trade fairs often involve a considerable investment in time and money by participating companies.[5] The planning includes arranging meetings with other attendees beforehand and resources to follow up on opportunities that are created at the fair.[6] Costs include space rental, booth design and construction of trade show displays, telecommunications, travel, accommodations, and promotional literature and items to give to attendees.[3]

In addition, costs are incurred at the show for services such as electrical, booth cleaning, internet services, and drayage (also known as material handling). This local spending on logistics leads cities to promote trade shows as a means of local economic development, as well as providing opportunities for local businesses to grow, and attract new businesses to come.[7]

The large format work that can be done at international trade shows

Venues[edit]

# Ground City Indoor floor area Outdoor floor area
1 Hannover Messe Hannover 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) 58,070 m2 (625,100 sq ft)
2 World Market Center Las Vegas Las Vegas 460,000 m2 (5,000,000 sq ft)
3 Messe Frankfurt Frankfurt 366,600 m2 (3,946,000 sq ft) 96,000 m2 (1,030,000 sq ft)
4 Fira de Barcelona Barcelona 365,000 m2 (3,930,000 sq ft) 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft)
5 Fiera Milano Milan 345,000 m2 (3,710,000 sq ft) 60,000 m2 (650,000 sq ft)
6 Las Vegas Convention Center Winchester, Nevada (Las Vegas) 297,000 m2 (3,200,000 sq ft)
7 Koelnmesse Cologne 284,000 m2 (3,060,000 sq ft) 100,000 m2 (1,100,000 sq ft)
8 Messe Düsseldorf Düsseldorf 262,740 m2 (2,828,100 sq ft) 43,000 m2 (460,000 sq ft)
9 McCormick Place Chicago 248,000 m2 (2,670,000 sq ft)
10 Paris expo Porte de Versailles Paris 227,000 m2 (2,440,000 sq ft)
11 Feria de Madrid IFEMA Madrid 200,000 m2 (2,200,000 sq ft)
12 Messe München Munich 180,000 m2 (1,900,000 sq ft) 425,000 m2 (4,570,000 sq ft)
13 Messe Berlin Berlin 160,000 m2 (1,700,000 sq ft) 390,000 m2 (4,200,000 sq ft)

List of major trade fairs[edit]

Fairs with a published attendance of more than 50,000
Title Description Dates Location Visitors
AgQuip Agriculture August 22–24, 2017 Gunnedah, New South Wales, Australia 100,000 approximately in 2005[8]
AGRO Agriculture June 7–10, 2017 Kiev, Ukraine 121,220 in 2012[9]
Alimentaria Food and beverage March 24–27, 2017 Barcelona, Spain 157,632 in 2008[10]
Ambiente Consumer goods February 10–14, 2017 Frankfurt Trade Fair, Germany 139,245 in 2008[10]
ANUGA Food and beverage October 7-11, 2017 Cologne Trade Fair, Germany 165,000 approximately in 2017[11]
Arab Health Healthcare January 30, 2017 - February 3, 2017 Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Centre, United Arab Emirates 102 666 in 2017[12]
Automotive Aftermarket Products Expo (AAPEX) Automotive aftermarket October 31 - November 2, 2017 Sands Expo, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States 115,000 in 2010[13]
Automechanika Automotive aftermarket September 13–17, 2016 Frankfurt Trade Fair, Germany 136,000
BAUMA Construction April 11–17, 2016 Munich, Germany 583,000 approximately in 2016[14]
Beef Australia Beef May (triennially) Rockhampton, Australia 90,000 in 2015[15]
Berlin Music Week Music September 3–7, 2014[16] Berlin[17] 70,000 in 2012
Bologna Motor Show Auto show December 3–11, 2016 Bologna, Italy 450,000 in 2013[18]
boot Düsseldorf Boats January 21–29, 2017 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 267,379 in 2008[10]
Bread Basket Sustainable agriculture August 24–29, 2017 České Budějovice, Czech Republic 104,565 in 2008[10]
Buenos Aires International Book Fair Books April 27-May 15, 2017 Buenos Aires, Argentina 1,240,000 in 2008[19]
Cairo International Book Fair Books January 27, 2017 - February 10, 2017 Cairo, Egypt 2,000,000 in 2007
Kolkata International Book Fair Books Late January - Early February Kolkata, India 2,000,000 in 2012 - largest book fair in the world[20]
Canton Fair Consumer and Industry Products Spring session: April 15–19 (Phase 1); April 23–27 (Phase 2); May 1–5 (Phase 3). (111th Session)

Autumn session: October 15–19 (Phase 1); October 23–27 (Phase 2); October 31- November 4 (Phase 3).

Guangzhou, China 192,013 in Spring Session 2008[21]
Caravan Salon Mobile home August 25, 2017 – September 3, 2017 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 159,278 in 2008[10]
CeBIT Information and communication technology March 20–24, 2017 Hanover, Germany 480,000 in 2007[22]
Comic Market Comics August 11–13, 2017 Tokyo, Japan 550,000 in Summer Session 2008[23]
COMPUTEX Taipei Computer show May 30, 2017 – June 3, 2017 Taipei, Taiwan 106,517 in 2008[24]
CONEXPO-CON/AGG Construction March 7–11, 2017 Las Vegas Convention Center, Nevada, United States 145,000 approximately in 2008[25]
CP+ Photography February 28–March 3, 2019 Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan 68,111 in 2018[26]
Drupa Printing Equipment May 31-June 10, 2016 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 393,654 in 2004 from 127 countries[27]
E3, Electronic Entertainment Expo Video games June 13–15, 2017 Los Angeles, California, United States 68,400 (2017)
EICMA Motorcycles November 10–13, 2016 Fiera Milano, Italy 504,999 in 2008[10]
Engimach Engineering and Machine tools exhibition December 6–10, 2017 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India 140,000 in 2010[28]
Euroflora Flower show April/May once time every 5 years Genoa, Italy 730,000 in 1986[29]
EuroShop Retailing March 5–09, 2017 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 104,766 in 2008[10]
Excon Construction Machinery and Equipment December 12–16, 2017 Bangalore, Karnataka, India 250,000 approximately in 2015[30]
Farnborough Air Show Aerospace 16-22 July 2018 Farnborough Airport, Hampshire, UK 209,000 (2012)
Fieracavalli Horse show November 10–13, 2016 Verona, Italy 125,975 in 2008[10]
Fiera internazionale dell'agricoltura e della zootecnia Food and beverage April 28, 2017 – May 1, 2017 Foggia, Italy 162,466 in 2008[10]
Fiera internazionale del libro Books May 18–22, 2017 Turin, Italy 300,000 in 2007[citation needed]
Fitur Tourism January 18–22, 2017 Madrid, Spain 202,250 in 2008[10]
Foire internationale et gastronomique Food and beverage November 1–12, 2017 Dijon, France 201,050 in 2008[10]
Frankfurt Book Fair Books October 11–15, 2017[31] Frankfurt Trade Fair, Germany 280,194 in 2011[32]
Games Convention Video games ended 2008 Leipzig, Germany 203,000 in 2008[33]
Gamescom Video games August 21–25, 2018 Cologne Trade Fair, Germany 350,000 in 2017[34]
Genoa International Boat Show Boats September 21–26, 2017 Genoa, Italy 236,322 in 2008[10]
GITEX Consumer electronics March 29, 2007 – April 1, 2017 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 146,000 in 2016 [35]
Handicrafts Trade Fair Handcrafts May 19–21, 2017 Florence, Italy 151,830 in 2008[10]
Hannover Messe Industry, Technology April 24–28, 2017 Hanover, Germany 193,222 in 2008[10]
High Point Market Furniture April and October High Point, North Carolina United States 70,000-80,000
IFA, Consumer Electronics Unlimited Consumer electronics and home appliances September 1–6, 2017 Berlin, Germany 240,000 in 2016[36]
IFAT Waste management May 14–18, 2018 Munich, Germany 119,476 in 2008[10]
imm Cologne Furniture January 15–21, 2018 Cologne Trade Fair, Germany 106,677 in 2008[10]
Interclima + elec Efficient energy use November 7–10, 2017 Paris, France 105,128 in 2008[10]
Intermot Motorcycles October 3–7, 2018 Cologne Trade Fair, Germany 203,000 in 2012[37]
International CES Consumer electronics January 9–12, 2018 Las Vegas Convention Center, Nevada, United States 177,000+ in 2016[38]
Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung Cars September 14–29, 2017 Frankfurt Trade Fair, Germany 931,700 in 2015 [39]
IGW Berlin Sustainable agriculture January 20–29, 2017 Messe Berlin, Germany 424,502 in 2008[10]
ITB Berlin tourism March 10–12, 2017 Messe Berlin, Germany 149,776 in 2008[10]
International Technical Fair machine engineering, automobiles, transport, information technologies, software, electronics, electrical engineering, construction, chemistry, power engineering, ecology September 25–30, 2017 Plovdiv, Bulgaria 141,000 in 2006[citation needed]
International Tourism Exchange (BIT) Tourism February 2–04, 2017 FieraMilano, Italy 109,571 in 2008[10]
INTERNOGRA Catering March 17–21, 2017 Hamburg, Germany 111,185 in 2008[10]
Interpack Moving industry May 4–10, 2017 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 171,073 in 2008[10]
K Plastics Oct 19–26, 2016 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 222,486 in 2010[40]
Light + Building Architectural lighting design March 18–23, 2018 Frankfurt Trade Fair, Germany 167,084 in 2008[10]
MADEexpo Architecture and buildings March 8–11, 2017 FieraMilano, Italy 170,779 in 2008[10]
MEDICA Medical technology November 13–16, 2017 Messe Düsseldorf, Germany 136,871 in 2008[10]
Mobile World Congress mobile telephony, Communications February 25, 2019 – February 28, 2019 Barcelona, Spain 107,000 in 2018 [41]
Mondial de l'Automobile Auto show September 29, 2016 – October 16, 2016 Paris, France 1,400,000 in 2006[42]
Mondo Natura Mobile homes September 11–19, 2010 Bologna, Italy 114,333 in 2008[10]
NAB Show Broadcasting April 22–27, 2017 Las Vegas Convention Center, Nevada, United States 93,000+ in 2013[43]
NAMM Music January 25–28, 2017 Anaheim, California, United States 85,000[44]
NAIAS Cars January 14–21, 2018 Detroit, Michigan, United States 800,000 in 2018[45]
National Agricultural Fieldays Agriculture 4 days in Mid June Hamilton, New Zealand 125,878 in 2007[46]
Novi Sad Fair Agriculture Middle of May Novi Sad, Serbia 600,000[citation needed]
Nuremberg International Toy Fair Toys, Games February 1–6, 2017 Nuremberg, Germany 80,000 in 2011[47]
Paris International Agricultural Show Agricultural show February 25, 2017 - March 5, 2017 Paris, France 619,000 in 2017[48]
Paris Air Show - SIAE Aerospace June 19–25, 2017 Paris, France 322,000 in 2017
photokina Photography September 26–29, 2018 Cologne Trade Fair, Germany 190,669 in 2016[49]
Salón Internacional del Automóvil Auto show May 11–21, 2017 Madrid, Spain 289,737 in 2008[10]
Salone del Mobile (International Furniture Fair) Furniture March 2007 FieraMilano, Italy 270,000 in 2007[50]
Salon du Cheval Horse show November 25, 2017 – December 3, 2017 Paris, France 137,252 in 2008[10]
Salon nautique de Paris Boats December 2–10, 2017 Paris, France 252,808 in 2008[10]
SEMA Show Automobile aftermarket First week of November Las Vegas, Nevada United States 125,000 in 2014[51]
SHOT Show Firearms January 23–26, 2018 Sands Expo, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States 65,000+ in 2017[52]
SIMA Real estate May 25–28, 2017 Madrid, Spain 122,760 in 2008[10]
SIMO TCI Consumer electronics October 18–20, 2017 Madrid, Spain 300,000 approximately[53]
SPE Offshore Europe Upstream Oil & Gas September, Biennial Aberdeen, UK 63,000 in 2015
Sydney Royal Easter Show Agriculture 14 days over Easter Sydney, Australia 900,000 in 2007[54]
Tehran International Book Fair Books May 3–13, 2017 Tehran, Iran 2,000,000 approximately in 2010[citation needed]
The Big 5 Construction November 26–29, 2017 (annual) Dubai, UAE 78,579 participants in 2016[55]
Thessaloniki International Fair General Annually Thessaloniki, Greece 250,000 in 2011[56]
Tokyo Motor Show Auto shows October 27, 2017 - November 5, 2017 Tokyo, Japan 1,512,100 in 2005[citation needed]
Tokyo Game Show Video games September 21–24, 2017 Tokyo, Japan 271,224 in 2016[57]
World Dairy Expo Dairy Industry October 3-03, 2017 Alliant Energy Center, 2015 at Madison, Wisconsin, United States 75,000
A small trade fair in Croatia, with the exhibition booth of the Croatian Chamber of Economy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]