Territorial Air Defence Forces

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Territorial Air Defence Forces
Insigne de la DAT.jpg
Insignia of the Commander of the Territorial Air Defence Force
Active 1988
Country Algeria
Role Défense et protection de l'espace aérien, surveillance et police du ciel
Size 10,000

The Territorial Air Defence Force (forces de défense aérienne du Territoire[1] (en arabe : قوات الدفاع الجوي عن الإقليم)[2] abbreviated as DAT) is an armed service/branch of the People's National Army, the armed forces of Algeria.[3] It is one of the four service branches of the Algerian Armed Forces, along with the army, navy, and air force. It is tasked with the Algerian airspace protection mission. Its current commander is Major-General Amer Amrani.[4]

The higher military school of the Air Defence Forces (école supérieure de la défense aérienne du territoire) is located at Reghaïa in Algeria's 1st Military Region.[5] It provides engineering training.

Created in 1988, after being separated from the Ground Forces Command, it is currently under the command of the commander of air defense of the military region forces. Its equipment includes the S300 missile, batteries of Pantsir-S1s, and the Tor missile system, which is the most important weapon owned by the Territorial Air Defence Force.[6][7][8] Other systems include: the SA-6 "Gainful" and Buk missile systems, the S-125 Neva/Pechora and the SA-8 Gecko, as well as the "Shilka" armed with 23 mm rockets and man portable 9K32 Strela-2s. In addition, the force possesses many types of radar.

Currently there are three air defence brigades and five surface-to-air missile regiments with SA-2, SA-3, SA-6, and SA-20.[9]

Equipment[edit]

Gear Country of Origin / purchase in service Type Comments
1RL257 Krasukha-4  Russia electronic warfare system Received in 2013[10]
Polyana-D4  Russia Air defense battle management system Received in 2014[11]
Rezonans NE3  Russia Over-the-horizon radar Received in 2017[12]
S-200 (missile)[citation needed]  Soviet Union Long Range SAM
S-300 (missile)  Russia 8 regiments Strategic air defense
S-400 missile system  Russia 2 regiments 2 regiments received in 2015[13][14][15]
Pantsir-S1  Russia 104[16] Air defense short and medium-term
Buk-M2  Russia 48[17]
SAM-6/8/7/9/13/14/16/18  Soviet Union
S-125 Neva[18]  Soviet Union
ZSU-23-4 Shilka  Soviet Union 319 Shilka Locally developed for surface to air missiles
HQ-9  China 9 systems[19]
Skyshield  Germany unknown Received in 2017[20][21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Forces de Défense Aérienne du Territoire". Ministère de la Défense Nationale (in French). Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  2. ^ "قوات الدفاع الجوي عن الإقليم". Ministry of National Defence (in Arabic). Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  3. ^ "The World Fact Book: Algeria". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Forces Commander". Ministry of National Defence. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Trois journées pour tout savoir sur les forces de défense aérienne" [Three days to learn everything about Air Defense Forces]. Jeunesse d'Algerie (in French). 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Modern Anti-Aircraft Missile System S-400 Sighted in Algeria". Sputnik News. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  7. ^ "La Russie a livré à l'Algérie 12 systèmes de défense aérienne en 2014" [Russia handed over 12 air defense systems to Algeria in 2014]. Algerie Solidaire (in French). 22 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Russian air defense systems continue to evolve". Defence Review Asia. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  9. ^ The Military Balance. London, UK: International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2014. p. 312.
  10. ^ "L'Algérie se dote d'un système de brouillage innovant". secret-difa3.blogspot.fr. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  11. ^ "Le Polyana D4M1 aperçu en Algérie - MENADEFENSE". MENADEFENSE (in French). 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  12. ^ Sputnik. "Grâce à ce radar russe aucun engin furtif ne peut échapper à l'armée de l'air algérienne". fr.sputniknews.com (in French). Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  13. ^ "1so39113.jpg - Click to see more photos on ServImg". Servimg. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  14. ^ "Algeria might have begun deploying S 400 SAM systems - MENADEFENSE". MENADEFENSE. 2015-07-14. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  15. ^ "SA-21 (Growler) / S-400 Triumf". Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  16. ^ "Algeria Moves to First Place among Weapons Buyers - Kommersant Moscow". 28 August 2016. Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  17. ^ Martin, Guy. "Algeria operating Buk-M2E surface-to-air missiles | defenceWeb". www.defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  18. ^ "SA-3 Goa S-125 Neva Pechora ground to air missile system technical data sheet specifications". Army Recognition.com. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  19. ^ "红旗9已经装备非洲大国?外媒称阿尔及利亚已经获得该导弹-军事频道-手机搜狐". m.sohu.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  20. ^ "الجزائر تسلمت منظومات الدفاع الجوي Skyguard الألمانية خلال 2017". www.arabic-military.com (in Arabic). Retrieved 2018-01-21.
  21. ^ "Rheinmetall air defense system ordered by North African country". UPI. Retrieved 2018-01-21.

External links[edit]