The Society Portal
A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often evinces stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.
Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology.
More broadly, and especially within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, social, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than "other people" beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.
, also known as the Hellenes
), are an ethnic group
native to Greece
and other regions. They also form a significant diaspora
, with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established in most corners of the Mediterranean
, but Greeks have always been centered around the Aegean Sea
, where the Greek language
has been spoken since antiquity. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were uniformly distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor
, Cyprus and Constantinople
; many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire
of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of the ancient Greek colonization
. In the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)
, a large-scale population exchange between Greece and Turkey transferred and confined Christians
, except Constantinople
(effectively ethnic Greeks) into the borders of the modern Greek state
. Other ethnic Greek populations can be found from southern Italy
to the Caucasus
and in diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church
Did you know...
Anniversaries this month
Robert Sterling Yard
(1861–1945) was an American
writer, journalist and wilderness
activist. Yard graduated from Princeton University
and spent the first twenty years of his career as a journalist, editor and publisher. In 1915 he was recruited by his friend Stephen Mather
to help publicize the need for an independent national park agency. Their numerous publications were part of a movement that resulted in legislative support for a National Park Service
in 1916. Yard served as head of the National Parks Educational Committee for several years after its conception, but tension within the NPS led him to concentrate on non-government initiatives. He became executive secretary of the National Parks Association
in 1919. Yard worked to promote the national parks as well as educate Americans about their use. Creating high standards based on aesthetic ideals for park selection, he also opposed commercialism and industrialization of what he called "America's masterpieces". These standards caused discord with his peers. After helping to establish a relationship between the NPA and the United States Forest Service
, Yard later became involved in the protection of wilderness areas. In 1935 he became one of the eight founding members of The Wilderness Society
and acted as its first president from 1937 until his death eight years later. Yard is now considered an important figure in the modern wilderness movement.
The Lost Chord
, recorded by George Gouraud
. It was played at the August 14
, 1888, press conference that introduced the phonograph to London.
File:Jane Addams - Bain News Service.jpg
Things you can do