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Portal:Nevada

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Introduction

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Nevada (/nɪˈvædə/) is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City.

Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sagebrush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State".

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Cyprinodon diabolis.jpg
The Devils Hole pupfish, Cyprinodon diabolis, is a species of fish native to Devils Hole, a geothermal (92 °F or 33 °C), aquifer-fed pool within a limestone cavern in the Amargosa Desert of Nevada east of Death Valley. It is the smallest desert pupfish species, averaging 19 millimetres (0.75 in) in length. They lack pelvic fins and have large heads and long anal fins. Breeding males are solid deep blue and have a black band on the caudal fin. Devils Hole pupfish have been the subject of considerable attention and litigation, due to their ancient origins, unusual habitat, and precarious existence. A 22-thousand-year-old species, these pupfish depend on a shallowly submerged limestone shelf of only 2 metres (6.6 ft) by 4 metres (13 ft) in area for spawning as well as for much of their diet (primarily diatoms). Natural threats from flash floods to earthquakes have been known to disrupt this fragile ecosystem, but the major threat has been groundwater depletion due to agricultural irrigation.

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Panoramic view of the Calico Hills at the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area
Credit: User:Óðinn
Panoramic view of the Calico Hills at the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area

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