Mil Mi-2

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Mi-2
Mil mi-2(modified).jpg
Mi-2 of the Polish Air Force
Role Helicopter
Design group Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
Built by PZL-Świdnik
First flight 22 September 1961
Introduction 1965
Primary users Soviet Air Force
Polish Armed Forces
Aeroflot
Produced 1965-1998[1]
Number built 5,497[1]
Developed from Mil Mi-1
Variants PZL Kania

The Mil Mi-2 (NATO reporting name Hoplite) is a small, lightly armed turbine-powered transport helicopter that could also provide close air support when armed with 57 mm rockets and a 23 mm cannon.

Design and development[edit]

The Mi-2 was produced exclusively in Poland, in the WSK "PZL-Świdnik" factory in Świdnik.

The first production helicopter in the Soviet Union was the Mil Mi-1, modelled along the lines of the S-51 and Bristol Sycamore and flown by Mikhail Mil's bureau in September 1948. During the 1950s it became evident, and confirmed by American and French development, that helicopters could be greatly improved with turbine engines. S. P. Isotov developed the GTD-350 engine and Mil used two of these in the far superior Mi-2.

The twin shaft-turbine engines used in the Mi-2 develop 40% more power than the Mi-1's piston engines, for barely half the engine weight, with the result that the payload was more than doubled. The Mi-2 fuselage was extensively altered from its predecessor, with the engines mounted overhead. However, the external dimensions remained similar.

The Mil-built prototype first flew in the Soviet Union on 22 September 1961, after the initial development the project was transferred to Poland in 1964. The first Świdnik-built example flew on 4 November 1965 (making this the only Soviet-designed helicopter to be built solely outside the Soviet Union). PZL-Świdnik produced a total of 5,497 helicopters, about a third for military users. The factory also developed fiberglass rotor blades, and developed the wide-body Mi-2M seating 10 passengers instead of eight. Most typical kits include four stretchers for air ambulance usage, or aerospraying or cropdusting applications.

In Poland, there were also developed several specialized military variants for support or reconnaissance roles, with 23 mm autocannon, machine guns and/or two 57 mm rocket pods, four 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank missiles or Strela-2 AA missiles.

Operational history[edit]

The Mi-2 was first introduced into the Soviet Air Force in 1965. The Mi-2 is used by mainly former Soviet and Eastern Bloc countries, although it was also purchased by Mexico and Myanmar armed forces.

Most of the armed Mi-2 variants were used by Poland. Some were also used by the former East Germany (with machine gun and unguided rocket armament only).

North Korea still maintains a large active fleet of Mi-2s.

Variants[edit]

Mi-2Ch exhibited in Polish Aviation Museum
Mi-2 Plus air ambulance in Poland
Mi-2P exhibited in Polish Army Museum in Warsaw.
V-2
First prototype.
V-2V
Armament prototype.
Mi-2 Platan
Aerial minelayer version.
Mi-2A
Mi-2B
Upgraded export version for the Middle East, fitted with improved systems and navigational aids.
Mi-2Ch Chekla
Chemical reconnaissance / smokescreen layer version.
Mi-2D Przetacznik
Aerial command post equipped with R-111 radio.
Mi-2FM
Survey version.
Mi-2P
Passenger / cargo version, with accommodation for 6 passengers.
Mi-2R
Agricultural version.
Mi-2RL
Land rescue/ambulance version.
Mi-2RM
Sea rescue version equipped with electric winch for two people and dropped rafts.
Mi-2Ro
Reconnaissance version equipped with cameras.
UMi-2Ro
Reconnaissance trainer version.
Mi-2RS Padalec ('Slowworm')
Chemical and biohazard reconnaissance version.
Mi-2S
Air ambulance version, equipped to carry four litters, plus an attendant.
Mi-2Sz
Dual-control training version.
Mi-2T
Cargo/utility version.
Mi-2U
Dual-control training version.
Mi-2US
Armed version fitted with a fixed 23mm NS-23 cannon, 4 x 7,62mm PKT machine gun pods and optional cabin PK machine gun.
Mi-2URN Żmija ('Viper')
Armed reconnaissance variant armed with a fixed 23mm NS-23 gun and two 16x57mm S-5 unguided rocket pods Mars-2. Optional 7,62mm PK machine gun window-mounted.
Mi-2URP Salamandra ('Salamander')
Gunship and anti-tank variant, armed with 23mm NS-23 gun, optional window-mounted 7,62mm PK machine gun, and 4x AT-3 Sagger (9M14M Malutka) wire-guided missiles on external weapons racks and 4x additional missiles in the cargo compartment.
Mi-2URP-G Gniewosz ('Smooth snake')
Mi-2URP with additional 4x AA missiles Strzała-2 (Strela 2) in two Gad rocket launchers.
Mi-2 Plus
Upgraded Mi-2 with uprated GTD-350W2 engines, all-composite rotor blades, new avionics and other modifications.
Mi-3
Planned Mi-2 derivative that lacked suitable engines for the program to continue.
Mi-2MSB or MSB-2 Nadia ('Hope')
Modernized by Motor Sich to passenger-transport version for the civil aviation.[2][3][4]
Mi-2MSB-V or MSB-2MO
Modernized by Motor Sich for Ukrainian Air Force.[5], Original engine replaced with AI-450M 465 HP engine, armed with Rocket and machine gun pods, IR-jamming system and flares dispenser for defence against MANPADS.[6]

Operators[edit]

A Polish Mi-2 on take off
 Algeria
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Czech Republic
 Germany
 Indonesia
 Libya
A Mi-2 of the Czech Air Force
 Latvia
 Myanmar
 North Korea
 Poland
 Peru
 Slovakia
The Mil Mi-2 in Poland
 Syria
 United States

Former operators[edit]

 Bulgaria
 Cuba
 Estonia
 East Germany
Air medical service variant of the Mi-2
 Ghana
 Hungary
 Lithuania
 Mexico
 Mongolia
 Nicaragua
 Russia
 Ukraine
A Mi-2 of the Polish Medical Air Rescue
 Soviet Union
 Yugoslavia

Specifications (Mi-2T)[edit]

Cockpit of Mi-2 exhibited in Aviation Museum, Košice, Slovakia

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83[36]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: 8 passengers or 700 kg (1,543 lb) internal, 800 kg (1,764 lb) external cargo
  • Length: 11.40 m (37 ft 4¾ in)
  • Rotor diameter: 14.50 m (47 ft 6⅞ in)
  • Height: 3.75 m (12 ft 3½ in)
  • Disc area: 165.13 m² (1,777.44 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,372 kg (5,218 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,550 kg (7,826 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 3,700 kg (8,157 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × PZL GTD-350P turboshafts, 298 kW (400 shp) each

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ми-2, "avia.cybernet.name"
  2. ^ Il'yashenko, Matviy. "First flight of upgraded helicopter Mi-2MSB - Motor Sich". www.motorsich.com. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  3. ^ Il'yashenko, Matviy. "The Mi-2 upgraded helicopter passed an altitude of 7 thousand meters. - Motor Sich". www.motorsich.com. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  4. ^ Karpenko, A.V. "Modernized helicopter Mi-2MSB (Ukraine)". bastion-karpenko.ru. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  5. ^ "Ukrainian Military Helicopters - Modernization And Development Plans". Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  6. ^ "Mi-2MSB - Ukrainian Combat Variant Of The Mi-2 Helicopter". Defence24.com.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "World Air Forces 2018". Flightglobal Insight. 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Mil Mi-2 datbase". helicopter-database.de. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  9. ^ "Polizei Mil Mi-2 (PZL-Swidnik)". Demand media. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  10. ^ TEMPO Edisi 19-25 Maret 2007 (pp. 36-37)
  11. ^ ANGKASA No.07 Edisi April 2007 (p. 16)
  12. ^ "Latvian Air Force report". Air Forces Monthly pg. 71. Key Publishing. March 2018.
  13. ^ "Poland Border Guard Aircraft Types". aeroflight.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  14. ^ "World Air Forces 2004 pg. 80". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  15. ^ "United States Army Threat Systems Management Office (TSMO)". angelfire.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Operator Performance Labs". opl.uiowa.edu. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  17. ^ "Bulgaria Air Force - Equipment". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Bulgarian (PZL-Swidnik) Mi-2". Demand media. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  19. ^ "Cuba Air Force Aircraft Types". aeroflight.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  20. ^ "Estonia Air Force - Equipment". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  21. ^ "Germany East Air Force". nationalcoldwarexhibition.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  22. ^ "East-Germany Mil Mi-2". Demand media. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  23. ^ "Hungarian Air Force History". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  24. ^ "Hungary Police Aviation". aeroflight.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  25. ^ "Hungary Police Mil Mi-2". Demand media. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  26. ^ "Lithuanian Air Force - Equipment". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  27. ^ "Lithuania - Air Force Mil Mi-2". jetphotos.net. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  28. ^ "Mexican Armada". aeroflight.co.uk. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  29. ^ World Air Forces - Historical Listings Mongolia (MON) Archived 2012-09-05 at the Wayback Machine.. worldairforces.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-27.
  30. ^ "World Air Forces 2013" (PDF). Flightglobal Insight. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  31. ^ a b c "Mi-2 Helicopter. History of Development". Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  32. ^ "Ukraine - Air Force Equipment". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  33. ^ "Mi-2 DataBase". helicopter-database.de. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  34. ^ "Aeroflot Mil Mi-2". jetphotos.net. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  35. ^ "Yugoslavian use of Mil Mi-2 in military and air ambulance use". Retrieved March 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  36. ^ Taylor 1982, pp. 169–170.

External links[edit]