List of geological features on Mercury

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List of geological features on Mercury is an itemization of mountains, valleys, craters and other landform features of the planet Mercury. Different types of features are named after different things: Mercurian ridges are called dorsa, and are named after astronomers who made detailed studies of the planet; valleys are called valles, and are named after radio telescope facilities; plains are called planitiae, and most are named after mythological names associated with Mercury; escarpments are called rupes and are named after the ships of famous explorers; long, narrow depressions are called fossae and are named after works of architecture.

See also list of craters on Mercury, list of albedo features on Mercury, and list of quadrangles on Mercury

Longitude is west longitude.

List of geological features on Mercury[edit]

Feature Latitude Longitude Named after
Caloris Montes 39.4 187.2 Latin for 'mountains of heat'
Antoniadi Dorsum 25.1 30.5 Eugène Antoniadi
Schiaparelli Dorsum 23 164.1 Giovanni Schiaparelli
Pantheon Fossae 30.5 197.0 The Pantheon, Rome
Angkor Vallis 57.3 246.0 Angkor, ancient city in Cambodia
Cahokia Vallis 65.6 233.1 Cahokia Mounds, ancient city in Illinois, United States
Caral Vallis 62.6 230.6 Caral, ancient city in Peru
Paestum Vallis 60.5 233.5 Paestum, ancient city in Campania, Italy
Timgad Vallis 60.8 243.1 Timgad, ancient city in Algeria
Borealis Planitia 73.4 79.5 Latin for 'northern plain'
Budh Planitia 22 150.9 Hindu word for Mercury
Caloris Planitia 30.5 189.8 Latin for 'heat's plain'
Odin Planitia 23.3 171.6 Norse god Odin
Sobkou Planitia 39.9 129.9 Messenger god
Suisei Planitia 59.2 150.8 Japanese for Mercury
Tir Planitia 0.8 176.1 Norse for Mercury
Adventure Rupes -65.1 65.5 HMS Adventure, ship of Captain Cook
Alvin Rupes 8.3 208.6 DSV Alvin, American deep-ocean research submersible
Astrolabe Rupes -42.6 70.7 Astrolabe, ship of Jules Dumont d'Urville
Beagle Rupes -1.9 258.89 HMS Beagle, ship on which Charles Darwin sailed
Belgica Rupes -50.5 296.3 Belgica, Belgian ship that was the first to winter in the Antarctic
Blossom Rupes -3.0 270.2 HMS Blossom, English ship that explored the Northwest Passage under Frederick William Beechey
Calypso Rupes 19.5 316.5 RV Calypso, oceanographic research vessel of Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Carnegie Rupes 58.5 53.3 Carnegie, research vessel used for magnetic surveys
Discovery Rupes -56.3 38.3 HMS Discovery, ship of Captain Cook
Duyfken Rupes -21.4 131.8 Duyfken, ship of Willem Janszoon
Eltanin Rupes -74.8 269.2 USNS Eltanin, American icebreaker and Antarctic research vessel
Endeavour Rupes 37.5 31.3 HM Bark Endeavour, ship of Captain Cook
Enterprise Rupes -36.5 283.5 USS Enterprise, American ship that explored the Mississippi, Amazon, and Madeira Rivers
Fram Rupes -56.9 93.3 Fram, ship of Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup and Roald Amundsen
Gjöa Rupes -66.7 159.3 Gjøa, ship of Roald Amundsen
Heemskerck Rupes 25.9 125.3 Ship of Abel Tasman
Hero Rupes -58.4 171.4 Hero, ship of Nathaniel Palmer
La Duaphine Rupes 66.3 26.6 Ship of Giovanni da Verrazzano
Mirni Rupes -37.3 39.9 Mirny, ship of Mikhail Lazarev
Nautilus Rupes -28.2 293.3 EV Nautilus, research vessel operated by Robert Ballard
Palmer Rupes -26.3 106.6 Nathaniel B. Palmer, American icebreaker and Antarctic research vessel operated
Paramour Rupes -0.1 212.5 HMS Paramour English research vessel commanded by Edmond Halley
Pourquoi-Pas Rupes -58.1 156 Pourquoi Pas? IV, ship of Jean-Baptiste Charcot
Resolution Rupes -63.8 51.7 HMS Resolution, ship of Captain Cook
Santa María Rupes 5.5 19.7 Santa María, ship of Christopher Columbus
Terror Rupes -72.1 275.7 HMS Terror, English ship of Arctic and Antarctic exploration
Unity Rupes 27.1 275.1 Unity, English ship on which Edmond Halley sailed to Saint Helena
Victoria Rupes 50.9 31.1 Victoria, ship of Ferdinand Magellan
Vostok Rupes -37.7 19.5 Vostok, ship of Fabian von Bellingshausen
Zarya Rupes -42.8 20.5 Zarya, a Soviet experimental schooner
Zeehaen Rupes 51 157 Ship of Jules Dumont d'Urville
Crater Chains
Arecibo Catena -27.5 28.4 Arecibo Observatory
Goldstone Catena -15.8 31.7 Goldstone Observatory
Haystack Catena 4.7 46.2 Haystack Observatory


  • Batson R.M., Russell J.F. (1994), Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, United States Geological Survey Bulletin 2129 [1]