Hungarian Ground Forces

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Hungarian Ground Forces
Magyar Szárazföldi Haderő
Country Hungary
AllegianceHungarian Defence Forces
BranchGround Forces
Garrison/HQSzékesfehérvár
Colorsred, white, green
Anniversariesseptember 29.
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Dr Gábor Böröndi

The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian armed forces. It is the army which handles Ground activities and troops including artillery, tanks, APC's, IFV's and ground support. Hungary's Ground forces currently pulled out of Iraq and are currently in service in Afghanistan and KFOR.

Hungary was supported by the Soviet Union during the Cold War but since the Soviet Union's fall, Hungary cut tanks, closed garrisons, and minimized troop strength since 1991. The Hungarian Army now deals with national security, peacekeeping and international conflicts. Hungary joined NATO in 1999.

Units[edit]

The two main combat units of the Hungarian Ground Forces are:

  • 5th Infantry Brigade "István Bocskai", in Debrecen
    • Headquarters Company, in Debrecen
    • 3rd Infantry Battalion "Miklós Bercsényi", in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 39th Infantry Battalion in Debrecen, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 62nd Infantry Battalion in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • Operations Support Engineer Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Logistic Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Combat Engineer Company, in Debrecen
    • Signal Company, in Debrecen
  • 25th Infantry Brigade "György Klapka", in Tata
    • Headquarters Company, in Tata
    • 1st Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 2nd Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 11th Tank Battalion, in Tata, with T-72M1 tanks
    • 36th Anti-tank Missile Battalion, in Tata, with 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank missiles
    • 101st Artillery Battalion, in Tata, with D-20 152mm towed howitzers
    • 57th Garrison Support Battalion
    • Logistic Battalion, in Tata

Military Equipment[edit]

Infantry weapons[edit]

Hungarian special forces soldiers (KMZ) disembark from a Chinook in Croatia.
  • RS4/4 parachute
  • RS4/4 LA parachute
  • MANTA parachute
  • 93M frag grenade
  • 96M frag grenade
  • Black Ka'bar bayonet
  • AN/PVS-14 Gen3 Monocular Night Vision
  • HALEM-2 laser rangefinder
  • 15/80 binocular
  • PSZNR-5 recce locator
  • FMG 68 decontamination vehicle
  • SSM-1 chemical marker
  • IH-95 radiation level and contamination meter
  • CAM radiation level and contamination meter
  • VFK chemical recce pack
  • DS-10 regiment decontamination pack
  • TMF-2 automatic weather station
  • 93M protecting suit
  • 96M protecting suit
  • DECOCOM 3000 decontamination container
  • regiment decontamination trailer
  • 60 mm mortar
Model Image Origin Type Details
CZ Bren 2 CZ BREN 2.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Assault rifle Assembled in Hungary. Intended to replace the AK-63.[1][2]
CZ SCORPION EVO 3 Scorpion Evo 3.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Submachine gun Assembled in Hungary.[1][2]
CZ P-09

CZ P-07

CZ P-07 gun.jpg  Czech Republic
 Hungary
Semi-automatic pistol Assembled in Hungary.[1][2]
P9RC P9M Hun 1.jpg  Hungary Handgun Service Handgun, replacing PA-63.
Glock 17 Glock17.jpg  Austria Semi-automatic pistol Used by Special Forces
Heckler & Koch MP5 A3 MP5.jpg  Germany Submachine gun
AK-63 AMMSz.jpg  Hungary Assault Rifle Main service rifle of the Hungarian Ground Forces and is the modernized variant of the AKM rifle. 7700 rifles have been modernized, more to follow. Versions: AK-63D/E/MF
M4A1 SOPMOD SOPMOD 2-2005.jpg  United States Assault rifle Used by Special Forces
Remington 870 Marine Flickr - ~Steve Z~ - 870.jpg  United States Pump action shotgun
M2 Browning Machine gun M2 1.jpg  United States Heavy machine gun
Szép sniper rifle Szep sniper rifle.jpg  Hungary Sniper Rifle [3]
M24 SWS PEO M24 SWS.jpg  United States Sniper Rifle Used by Special Forces
Dragunov SVD SVD Dragunov.jpg  Soviet Union Sniper Rifle Will be replaced by Szép sniper rifle
Gepárd GepardM3.png  Hungary Anti-materiel rifle
M249 SAW PEO M249 Para ACOG.jpg  United States Light Machine gun Used by Special Forces
PKM 7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG  Soviet Union General-purpose machine gun
H&K M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg  Germany Grenade Launcher Used by Special Forces
SKS SKS - Ryssland - AM.045810.jpg  Soviet Union semi-automatic carbine Ceremonial rifle.
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 1626 - Salzburg - Festung Hohensalzburg - Repetier.JPG  Austria-Hungary Rifle Ceremonial rifle.

Armour and other vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Leopard 2 Leopard 2 A7, Eurosatory 2010 (cropped).jpg  Germany Main battle tank Leopard 2A7+
Leopard 2A4
0
0
44 Leopard 2A7+ and 12 used Leopard 2A4 tanks on order.[4][5]
T-72 Kecskemét vasútállomás T-72 Rmms kocsin.JPG  Soviet Union
 Poland
Main battle tank T-72M
T-72M1
30[6] 100 units received from Belarus.[7] Are to be replaced by the Leopard 2A7+ in the 2020s.[5]
BTR-80 Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg  Soviet Union
 Russia
 Hungary
amphibious armoured personnel carrier BTR-80A
BTR-80
178
413[6]
555 units received from Russia between 1996-1999.[8] Modernized Hungarian-upgraded BTR-80s for technical rescue, medical rescue and NBC missions (these vehicles are entering service starting with 2009).
2K12 Kub SA-6 'KUB' missile system exercise!.jpg  Soviet Union Self-propelled SAM system 16[6] Modernized
M-ATV M153 CROWS mounted on a U.S. Army M-ATV.jpg  United States MRAP 20+ Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.
M1151 HMMWV M1151.jpg  United States Utility vehicle 80+ Most of them used by the Special Forces [9]
Polaris RZR Swift Response 2016 (Image 1 of 16) 160607-A-RJ303-305.jpg  United States Light utility vehicle 12 Used by the Hungarian special forces.
Cougar (vehicle) 070225-M-4393H-041.jpg  United States MRAP 13
BRDM-2 BRDM 2 TBiU 24.jpg  Soviet Union Armoured Personnel Carrier BRDM-2 250
PTS (amphibious vehicle) PTS-2.JPG  Soviet Union Amphibious vehicle PTS-2 50+ Some in reserve. Very large tracked amphibious vehicle used for crossing water bodies and building bridges across rivers
VT-55  Soviet Union Armoured recovery vehicle VT-55 Unknown

Artillery: ATGMs, RPGs, Mortars, Howitzers etc.[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Active Number Details
PzH 2000 PzH2000 houwitser.png  Germany Self-propelled artillery 0 24 on order.[10]
Carl Gustaf M4 Carl Gustav M4 Kokonaisturvallisuus 2015.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle Unknown deliveries will take place in 2019-2024
Mistral (missile) 54RA-IMG 9142.jpg  France Surface-to-air missile Unknown Mistral 3 + Safran Matis[6]
EXPAL M-08 Combi 60mm  Spain Mortar (weapon) 96
9К115-2 Metis-M Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg  Russia Anti-tank missile Unknown number delivered by Russia between 1996-1997.[8]
9M113 Konkurs Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [6]
9K111 Fagot ATGM Fagot.jpg  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [6]
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Unknown
D-20 Артилерійські підрозділи ВМС ЗС України виконали бойові стрільби.jpg  Soviet Union Howitzer 17[6] 283 in reserve [11]

Transport Vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Utility vehicle G-270
G-280
223
Mercedes-Benz Unimog  Germany Truck 88
Rába (company)  Hungary Truck H14
H18
H25
The new H-14 series, can be armoured within 48 hours. The armour defends soldiers from bullets, splinters and IEDs[12]

Production of Rába H-14, H-18, and H-25 trucks commenced in 2004, these initially locally designed chassis fitted with MAN engines, associated components including cooling system and the MAN modular military cab. Current production is CKD using some locally sourced components such as axles. About 300 examples were built using components supplied between 2004-2006, with a further 150 assembled from CKD kits delivered from 2007.

RMMV HX range of tactical trucks  Germany Truck HX77 63 Will also receive up to 150 RMMV HX77 8x8 trucks, with 63 delivered since 2007.
Toyota Hilux  Japan Pickup 16 Used by Military Police
Ikarus  Hungary Bus E95
Aries
20
15
100 Currus-Volvo Aries on order to replace Ikarus 250, 256, 280
Suzuki Vitara  Hungary SUV 550
Volkswagen Transporter  Germany Van T4
T5
Unknown

River fleet[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Details
Neštin-class AM 21 Százhalombatta.jpg  Yugoslavia minesweeper 3 6 minesweepers were received from Yugoslavia in 1981. As of 2014, 3 of them are in active service.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Moss, Matthew (10 April 2018). "Hungary to Produce CZ Weapons Under License".
  2. ^ a b c Wilk, Remigiusz (20 December 2018). "Hungarian Defence Forces receive CZ BREN 2 rifles". IHS Jane's.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Braatz, Kurt (19 December 2018). "Krauss-Maffei Wegmann unterstützt ungarische Heeres-Modernisierung" (PDF). Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (in German). Munich. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Update: Hungary orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's 360. Budapest. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g The International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Military Balance 2018 (1 ed.). Routledge. p. 115. ISBN 978-1857439557.
  7. ^ Simon, Jeffrey (2003). Hungary and NATO: Problems in Civil-military Relations. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 43. ISBN 9780742528512.
  8. ^ a b "SIPRI Trade Register".
  9. ^ Valid HTML and CSS: Fülöp Gergely (dreamlite), ACME engine: Aurum / (2008-08-18). "Honvédelmi Minisztérium". Hm.gov.hu. Archived from the original on 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  10. ^ Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Hungary orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's.
  11. ^ https://honvedelem.hu/cikk/30042/feleledtek-a-%E2%80%9Ehibernalt-kepessegek%E2%80%9D-
  12. ^ "Image: H14_00.jpg, (1024 × 672 px)". raba.hu. Retrieved 2015-09-05.