George Whitney Calhoun
|George Whitney Calhoun|
September 16, 1890|
Green Bay, Wisconsin
December 6, 1963 (aged 73)|
Green Bay, Wisconsin
Green Bay Packers publicity director
|Known for||Founding the Green Bay Packers|
Walter A. Calhoun|
Emmeline Whitney Calhoun
George Whitney Calhoun (September 16, 1890 – December 6, 1963) was an American newspaper editor and co-founder of the Green Bay Packers. After establishing the Packers in 1919 with Curly Lambeau, Calhoun served in various capacities with the team for 44 years until his death in 1963. Leveraging his editorial job at the Green Bay Press-Gazette, he became the team's first publicity director, helping to establish local support and interest. He also served as the first team manager and was a member of the Green Bay Packers, Inc. Board of Directors. Although often overshadowed by the more famous Lambeau, Calhoun was instrumental to the early success of the Packers. In recognition of his contributions, Calhoun was elected to the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in 1978.
Calhoun was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin on September 16, 1890, the son of Walter A. Calhoun and Emmeline Whitney Calhoun. The Calhoun family was well-known in the area; Walter was employed at the Green Bay Water Company and Emmeline was the granddaughter to Daniel Whitney, one of the founders of Green Bay. Calhoun and his family moved to Buffalo, New York, where they lived until 1915. While in New York, Calhoun attended the University of Buffalo, where he played hockey and football. During a collegiate football game, he was tackled and crashed into the goalpost, which left him temporarily paralyzed and permanently unable to play competitive sports. Calhoun recovered and completed his studies in 1913. Before moving back to Green Bay in 1915, he got his start in the newspaper industry working for the Buffalo Times for two years.
Calhoun was hired by the Green Bay Review as a telegraph editor,[note 1] where he worked for two years. He then joined the Green Bay Press-Gazette, also as a telegraph editor, a job he would hold for 40 years until his retirement in 1957. During his years at the Press-Gazette, Calhoun helped form hockey, baseball, and football teams across the region and became a well-known sportswriter. He was well-respected among his peers for his knowledge of the Green Bay Packers and the early history of the National Football League (NFL). Calhoun passed away in 1963 in Green Bay, six years after retiring from the Press-Gazette.
Green Bay Packers
Although various city teams had been organized for years in Green Bay, it was not until 1919 that professional football became a reality. Calhoun brought up the idea with Curly Lambeau on a street corner in downtown Green Bay during a chance encounter. Calhoun was familiar with Lambeau's sports exploits at Green Bay East High School and maintained a friendship with him while Lambeau was at Notre Dame to play football. Their encounter occurred after Lambeau had dropped out of Notre Dame due to illness. Lambeau still wanted to play football, so Calhoun recommended they start a football team together. Lambeau was able to get his employer, the Indian Packing Company, to sponsor the team to pay for uniforms and equipment. Calhoun, using his job at the Press-Gazette, wrote an article asking for interested men to play football. The Green Bay Packers were officially organized on August 11, 1919 in the Press-Gazette office.
After two years of playing teams around Wisconsin, the Packers entered the American Professional Football Association, the precursor to the modern-day NFL.[note 2] Calhoun became the team's publicity director and travelling manager, helping to organize games and promote the new franchise. He also helped raise funding for the Packers when they went through tough financial times. Before the Packers charged for admission, he would even pass the hat during games to raise additional funds. After the Packers erected a fence, Calhoun would man the front gates, making sure that no one entered without paying.
Calhoun wrote The Dope Sheet, which served as the Packers' official press release and game program from 1921 to 1924. Because of the constant changing of teams and players in the NFL during the 1920s, The Dope Sheet was crucial in keeping fans up-to-date on the Packers and their opponents. Calhoun used his job at the Press-Gazette to network with other sports editors and maintained a vast database of early NFL game summaries and statistics. His love of beer and his unique networking abilities were so well-known that Calhoun's hotel room was always the place to be before and after Packers games.
Calhoun continued in his role as publicity director until 1947, when he was forced to resign by Lambeau. This was a very unpopular move at the time and permanently damaged Calhoun's relationship with Lambeau. Even after his firing, Calhoun remained a strong supporter of the Packers. He attended every home game from 1919 to 1956 and served on the Board of Directors of Green Bay Packers, Inc. until his death.
Calhoun's legacy is complicated and often overlooked when compared to his counterpart, Curly Lambeau. Lambeau served as both a player (for ten years) and the head coach, a role he had for thirty years from 1919 to 1949. The prominence of these roles and the early success of the Packers helped enshrine Lambeau in the Pro Football Hall of Fame and led to the Packers naming their current stadium after him. Calhoun never received these same honors, although his contributions were significant. Calhoun's penchant for publicizing the team, his ability to raise funds, and his role as team manager were essential to the Packers surviving as a franchise and succeeding on the field. He is attributed with developing the name "Packers"[note 3] and his Dope Sheet was essential to keeping fans informed of game results, statistics, and players.
The Packers have recognized Calhoun's influence and contributions in many ways. When he passed away, his ashes were scattered on the field at City Stadium. In 1978, Calhoun was elected to the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in recognition of his status as a founder of the team, publicist, and Board member. In 2013, a bronze sculpture of Calhoun was dedicated as part of the Packers Heritage Trail plaza in downtown Green Bay. Decades after its last publication, the Packers revived The Dope Sheet as their modern-day game program to honor Calhoun's early contributions as the team's statistician and publicist.
- The word telegraph refers to electrical telegraph, the transmission of electronic messages. After the development of the technology in the 1830s, newspapers used telegraphy to distribute news stories across the country.
- The league was only called the American Professional Football Association for two years before being renamed in 1921 to the National Football League.
- The sources defer on the attribution of the name Packers, although they agree it was based on the Indian Packing Company, and later the Acme Packing Company. Some sources attribute the name to Curly Lambeau's girlfriend, and not Calhoun. Calhoun had used various names to describe the team in the beginning, including the Bays, the Indians and the Packers. Regardless of the source, the name stuck after Calhoun printing and publicity of the team name.
- Hendricks, Martin (October 2, 2008). "A founding figure behind the scenes". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- "One of Packer Founders Dies". The Daily Telegram. December 7, 1963. p. 11. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Packers' Co-Founder, George Calhoun, Dies at 73 in Green Bay (part 1)". The Post-Crescent. December 6, 1963. p. B7. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "America's original wire: The telegraph at 150". CBS Interactive Inc. Associated Press. October 24, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
- Povletich 2012, p. 10.
- "Packers' Co-Founder, George Calhoun, Dies at 73 in Green Bay (part 2)". The Post-Crescent. December 6, 1963. p. B8. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Povletich 2012, p. 4.
- Christl, Cliff (March 26, 2016). "The Truth and Myth About the Hungry Five". Green Bay Packers, Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
- Povletich 2012, p. 5.
- Christl, Cliff (August 11, 2016). "High Five: Biggest myths about Packers birthday". Green Bay Packers, Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
- Povletich 2012, p. 6.
- Srubas, Paul (October 12, 2017). "Too lazy to walk the Packers Heritage Trail? Read this". Green Bay Press Gazette. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
- Christl, Cliff (July 27, 2017). "The Greatest Story in Sports". Green Bay Packers, Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
- Povletich 2012, p. 67.
- "Earl (Curly) Lambeau". Pro Football Hall of Fame. 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "'Lambeau Field' voted by council". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. August 5, 1965. p. 3-part 2 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Green Bay Hall of Famers". Green Bay Packers, Inc. 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- "Packers Heritage Trail unveils new plaza, statues". Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc. September 14, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "The Dope Sheet" (PDF). Green Bay Packers, Inc. October 17, 2006. Archived from the original on August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Povletich, William (2012). Green Bay Packers: Trials, Triumphs, and Tradition. ISBN 9780870206030. Retrieved August 3, 2018 – via Google Books.