Cardinal electors for the 2013 papal conclave

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A photograph of Pope Francis
Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected Pope Francis by the papal conclave on 13 March 2013.

The papal conclave of 2013 was convened to elect a new pope, the head of the Catholic Church, following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013. According to the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis, which governed the vacancy of the Holy See, only cardinals who had not passed their 80th birthday on the day on which the Holy See fell vacant (i.e. cardinals who were born on or after 28 February 1933) were eligible to participate in the papal conclave.[1] Although not a formal requirement, the cardinal electors invariably elect the pope from among their number.[1]

Of the 207 cardinals of the College of Cardinals at the time of the vacancy of the Holy See, there were 117 cardinal electors who were eligible to participate in the subsequent conclave.[a][3] Two cardinal electors did not participate, decreasing the number in attendance to 115 (98.3 per cent of all cardinal electors, 55.6 per cent of all cardinals).[4][5] The number of votes required to be elected pope with a two-thirds supermajority was 77.[1][6]

Of the 115 attending cardinal electors, four were cardinal bishops, 81 were cardinal priests and 30 were cardinal deacons; 48 were created cardinals by Pope John Paul II and 67 were created cardinals by Pope Benedict XVI; 74 were bishops of local dioceses, while the remaining 41 worked in the service of the Holy See, such as in the Roman Curia. The oldest cardinal elector in the conclave was Walter Kasper, at the age of 79,[b][7] while the youngest cardinal elector was Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal, at the age of 53.[8] Another 90 cardinals were ineligible to participate in the conclave, for reasons of age.[3]

The cardinal electors entered the Sistine Chapel to begin the conclave on 12 March 2013.[9] On 13 March 2013, after five ballots, they elected Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, who took the papal name Francis.[10]

Cardinal electors[edit]

The College of Cardinals is divided into three orders: cardinal bishops (CB), cardinal priests (CP) and cardinal deacons (CD), with precedence in that sequence. This is the order in which the cardinal electors process into the conclave, take the oath and cast their ballots, generally reflecting seniority and honour.[1] For cardinal bishops, except for those who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, the Dean is first in precedence, followed by the Vice-Dean and then by the rest in order of appointment as cardinal bishops. For cardinal bishops who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, for cardinal priests and for cardinal deacons, precedence is determined by the date of the consistory in which they were created cardinals and then by the order in which they appeared in the official announcement or bulletin.[5]

Four of the cardinal electors were from Eastern Catholic Churches: Antonios Naguib (Coptic), Béchara Boutros Raï (Maronite), George Alencherry (Syro-Malabar) and Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (Syro-Malankara). In addition, the senior cardinal bishop, the senior cardinal priest, the senior cardinal deacon and the junior cardinal deacon were assigned specific roles in a conclave, such as presiding over the conclave itself (the senior cardinal bishop) or announcing the election of the pope (the senior cardinal deacon).[1] These were, respectively, Giovanni Battista Re, Godfried Danneels, Jean-Louis Tauran and James Michael Harvey.[5] The Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, who has the duty of maintaining the goods of the Holy See, was Tarcisio Bertone.[1][11]

The data in the table are as of 28 February 2013, the date on which the Holy See fell vacant. By default, the cardinals are sorted by precedence within each table, as denoted by the No. column. All cardinals are of the Latin Church unless otherwise stated. Cardinals belonging to institutes of consecrated life or to societies of apostolic life are indicated by the respective post-nominal letters.

* Elected pope
No. Name Country Born
(Age)
Order Consistory
Pope
Office Ref.
1 Giovanni Battista Re  Italy 30 January 1934
(age 79)
CB 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Bishops [12]
2 Tarcisio Bertone SDB  Italy 2 December 1934
(age 78)
CB 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Secretary of State and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church [11]
3 Antonios Naguib  Egypt 18 March 1935
(age 77)
CB 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patriarch emeritus of Alexandria
(Coptic Catholic Church)
[13]
4 Béchara Boutros Raï OMM  Lebanon 25 February 1940
(age 73)
CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Patriarch of Antioch
(Maronite Church)
[14]
5 Godfried Danneels  Belgium 4 June 1933
(age 79)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Mechelen-Brussels [15]
6 Joachim Meisner  Germany 25 December 1933
(age 79)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop of Cologne [16]
7 Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez  Dominican Republic 31 October 1936
(age 76)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop of Santo Domingo [17]
8 Roger Michael Mahony  United States 27 February 1936
(age 77)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles [18]
9 Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino  Cuba 18 October 1936
(age 76)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop of San Cristóbal de la Habana [19]
10 Jean-Claude Turcotte  Canada 26 June 1936
(age 76)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Montreal [20]
11 Vinko Puljić  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 September 1945
(age 67)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vrhbosna [21]
12 Juan Sandoval Íñiguez  Mexico 28 March 1933
(age 79)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara [22]
13 Antonio María Rouco Varela  Spain 20 August 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Madrid [23]
14 Dionigi Tettamanzi  Italy 14 March 1934
(age 78)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Milan [24]
15 Polycarp Pengo  Tanzania 5 August 1944
(age 68)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam [25]
16 Christoph Schönborn OP  Austria 22 January 1945
(age 68)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vienna [26]
17 Norberto Rivera Carrera  Mexico 6 June 1942
(age 70)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Mexico [27]
18 Francis Eugene George OMI  United States 16 January 1937
(age 76)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Chicago [28]
19 Zenon Grocholewski  Poland 11 October 1939
(age 73)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education [29]
20 Crescenzio Sepe  Italy 2 June 1943
(age 69)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Naples [30]
21 Walter Kasper[b]  Germany 5 March 1933
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [7]
22 Ivan Dias  India 14 April 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples [31]
23 Geraldo Majella Agnelo  Brazil 19 October 1933
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia [32]
24 Audrys Juozas Bačkis  Lithuania 1 February 1937
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vilnius [33]
25 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa ISch  Chile 5 September 1933
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [34]
26 Julio Terrazas Sandoval CSsR  Bolivia 7 March 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra [35]
27 Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM  South Africa 8 March 1941
(age 71)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Durban [36]
28 Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga SDB  Honduras 29 December 1942
(age 70)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Tegucigalpa [37]
29 Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne  Peru 28 December 1943
(age 69)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Lima [38]
30 Cláudio Hummes OFM  Brazil 8 August 1934
(age 78)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy [39]
31 Jorge Mario Bergoglio SJ*  Argentina 17 December 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Buenos Aires [40]
32 José da Cruz Policarpo  Portugal 26 February 1936
(age 77)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Patriarch of Lisbon [41]
33 Severino Poletto  Italy 18 March 1933
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Turin [42]
34 Karl Lehmann  Germany 16 May 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Bishop of Mainz [43]
35 Angelo Scola  Italy 7 November 1941
(age 71)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Milan [44]
36 Anthony Olubunmi Okogie  Nigeria 16 June 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lagos [45]
37 Gabriel Zubeir Wako  Sudan 27 February 1941
(age 72)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Khartoum [46]
38 Carlos Amigo Vallejo OFM  Spain 23 August 1934
(age 78)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Seville [47]
39 Justin Francis Rigali  United States 19 April 1935
(age 77)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia [48]
40 Ennio Antonelli  Italy 18 November 1936
(age 76)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Family [49]
41 Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson  Ghana 11 October 1948
(age 64)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace [50]
42 Telesphore Placidus Toppo  India 15 October 1939
(age 73)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Ranchi [51]
43 George Pell  Australia 8 June 1941
(age 71)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Sydney [52]
44 Josip Bozanić  Croatia 20 March 1949
(age 63)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Zagreb [53]
45 Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn  Vietnam 5 March 1934
(age 78)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Ho Chi Minh City [54]
46 Philippe Barbarin  France 17 October 1950
(age 62)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Lyon [55]
47 Péter Erdő  Hungary 25 June 1952
(age 60)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest [56]
48 Marc Ouellet PSS  Canada 8 June 1944
(age 68)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops [57]
49 Agostino Vallini  Italy 17 April 1940
(age 72)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Vicar General for Rome and Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [58]
50 Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino  Venezuela 28 August 1942
(age 70)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Caracas [59]
51 Jean-Pierre Ricard  France 25 September 1944
(age 68)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bordeaux [60]
52 Antonio Cañizares Llovera  Spain 15 October 1945
(age 67)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [61]
53 Seán Patrick O'Malley OFMCap  United States 29 June 1944
(age 68)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Boston [62]
54 Stanisław Dziwisz  Poland 27 April 1939
(age 73)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Kraków [63]
55 Carlo Caffarra  Italy 1 June 1938
(age 74)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bologna [64]
56 Seán Baptist Brady  Ireland[c] 16 August 1939
(age 73)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Armagh [65]
57 Lluís Martínez Sistach  Spain 29 April 1937
(age 75)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Barcelona [66]
58 André Vingt-Trois  France 7 November 1942
(age 70)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Paris [67]
59 Angelo Bagnasco  Italy 14 January 1943
(age 70)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Genoa [68]
60 Théodore-Adrien Sarr  Senegal 28 November 1936
(age 76)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Dakar [69]
61 Oswald Gracias  India 24 December 1944
(age 68)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bombay [70]
62 Francisco Robles Ortega  Mexico 2 March 1949
(age 63)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Guadalajara [71]
63 Daniel Nicholas DiNardo  United States 23 May 1949
(age 63)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Galveston-Houston [72]
64 Odilo Pedro Scherer  Brazil 21 September 1949
(age 63)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of São Paulo [73]
65 John Njue  Kenya 1944[d]
(age 68)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Nairobi [74]
66 Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga  Ecuador 1 January 1934
(age 79)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Quito [75]
67 Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7 October 1939
(age 73)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Kinshasa [76]
68 Paolo Romeo  Italy 20 February 1938
(age 75)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Palermo [77]
69 Donald William Wuerl  United States 12 November 1940
(age 72)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Washington [78]
70 Raymundo Damasceno Assis  Brazil 15 February 1937
(age 76)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Aparecida [79]
71 Kazimierz Nycz  Poland 1 February 1950
(age 63)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Warsaw [80]
72 Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don  Sri Lanka 15 November 1947
(age 65)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Colombo [81]
73 Reinhard Marx  Germany 21 September 1953
(age 59)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Munich and Freising [82]
74 George Alencherry  India 19 April 1945
(age 67)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
(Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
[83]
75 Thomas Christopher Collins  Canada 16 January 1947
(age 66)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Toronto [84]
76 Dominik Duka OP  Czech Republic 26 April 1943
(age 69)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Prague [85]
77 Willem Jacobus Eijk  Netherlands 22 June 1953
(age 59)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Utrecht [86]
78 Giuseppe Betori  Italy 25 February 1947
(age 66)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Florence [87]
79 Timothy Michael Dolan  United States 6 February 1950
(age 63)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of New York [88]
80 Rainer Maria Woelki  Germany 18 August 1956
(age 56)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Cologne [89]
81 John Tong Hon  Hong Kong[e] 31 July 1939
(age 73)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Bishop of Hong Kong [90]
82 Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal  India 15 June 1959
(age 53)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Trivandrum
(Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)
[8]
83 John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan  Nigeria 29 January 1944
(age 69)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Abuja [91]
84 Rubén Salazar Gómez  Colombia 22 September 1942
(age 70)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bogotá [92]
85 Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle  Philippines 21 June 1957
(age 55)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Manila [93]
86 Jean-Louis Tauran  France 5 April 1943
(age 69)
CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue (Protodeacon) [94]
87 Attilio Nicora  Italy 16 March 1937
(age 75)
CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Pontifical Legate for the Basilicas of Saint Francis and Saint Mary of the Angels in Assisi and President of the Financial Information Authority [95]
88 William Joseph Levada  United States 15 June 1936
(age 76)
CD 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [96]
89 Franc Rodé CM  Slovenia 23 September 1934
(age 78)
CD 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [97]
90 Leonardo Sandri  Argentina 18 November 1943
(age 69)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches [98]
91 Giovanni Lajolo  Italy 3 January 1935
(age 78)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [99]
92 Paul Josef Cordes  Germany 5 September 1934
(age 78)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [100]
93 Angelo Comastri  Italy 17 September 1943
(age 69)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Vicar General for Vatican City, Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter [101]
94 Stanisław Ryłko  Poland 4 July 1945
(age 67)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity [102]
95 Raffaele Farina SDB  Italy 24 September 1933
(age 79)
CD 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church emeritus [103]
96 Angelo Amato SDB  Italy 8 June 1938
(age 74)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [104]
97 Robert Sarah  Guinea 15 June 1945
(age 67)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [105]
98 Francesco Monterisi  Italy 28 May 1934
(age 78)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [106]
99 Raymond Leo Burke  United States 30 June 1948
(age 64)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura [107]
100 Kurt Koch   Switzerland 15 March 1950
(age 62)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [108]
101 Paolo Sardi  Italy 1 September 1934
(age 78)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [109]
102 Mauro Piacenza  Italy 15 September 1944
(age 68)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy [110]
103 Velasio De Paolis CS  Italy 19 September 1935
(age 77)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See [111]
104 Gianfranco Ravasi  Italy 18 October 1942
(age 70)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Culture [112]
105 Fernando Filoni  Italy 15 April 1946
(age 66)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples [113]
106 Manuel Monteiro de Castro  Portugal 29 March 1938
(age 74)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary [114]
107 Santos Abril y Castelló  Spain 21 September 1935
(age 77)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [115]
108 Antonio Maria Vegliò  Italy 3 February 1938
(age 75)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People [116]
109 Giuseppe Bertello  Italy 1 October 1942
(age 70)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [117]
110 Francesco Coccopalmerio  Italy 6 March 1938
(age 74)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts [118]
111 João Braz de Aviz  Brazil 24 April 1947
(age 65)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [119]
112 Edwin Frederick O'Brien  United States 8 April 1939
(age 73)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Grand Master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [120]
113 Domenico Calcagno  Italy 3 February 1943
(age 70)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [121]
114 Giuseppe Versaldi  Italy 30 July 1943
(age 69)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See [122]
115 James Michael Harvey  United States 20 October 1949
(age 63)
CD 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [123]

Not in attendance[edit]

No. Name Country Born
(Age)
Order Consistory
Pope
Office Reason for absence Refs.
1 Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja SJ  Indonesia 20 December 1934
(age 78)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Jakarta Health reasons; deteriorating eyesight [124][125]
2 Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien  United Kingdom 17 March 1938
(age 74)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh Personal reasons; following allegations of sexual misconduct [126][127]

Cardinal electors by continent and by country[edit]

The 115 attending cardinal electors in the conclave were from 48 countries on all six inhabited continents;[f] the countries with the greatest number of cardinal electors were Italy (twenty-eight), the United States (eleven) and Germany (six).

A numbered choropleth world map showing the number of cardinal electors for the papal conclave of 2013 from each country
Choropleth map indicating the number of cardinal electors in attendance from each country (unnumbered countries denote one cardinal elector)[g]
* Continent/country of elected pope
Cardinal electors by continent
Continent Number Percentage
Africa 11 9.6%
North America 20 17.4%
South America* 13 11.3%
Asia 10 8.7%
Europe 60 52.2%
Oceania 1 0.9%
Total 115 100.0%
Cardinal electors by country
Country Continent Number
 Argentina* South America 2
 Australia Oceania 1
 Austria Europe 1
 Belgium Europe 1
 Bolivia South America 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1
 Brazil South America 5
 Canada North America 3
 Chile South America 1
 Colombia South America 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 1
 Croatia Europe 1
 Cuba North America 1
 Czech Republic Europe 1
 Dominican Republic North America 1
 Ecuador South America 1
 Egypt Africa 1
 France Europe 4
 Germany Europe 6
 Ghana Africa 1
 Guinea Africa 1
 Honduras North America 1
 Hong Kong[e] Asia 1
 Hungary Europe 1
 India Asia 5
 Ireland Europe 1
 Italy Europe 28
 Kenya Africa 1
 Lebanon Asia 1
 Lithuania Europe 1
 Mexico North America 3
 Netherlands Europe 1
 Nigeria Africa 2
 Peru South America 1
 Philippines Asia 1
 Poland Europe 4
 Portugal Europe 2
 Senegal Africa 1
 Slovenia Europe 1
 South Africa Africa 1
 Spain Europe 5
 Sri Lanka Asia 1
 Sudan Africa 1
  Switzerland Europe 1
 Tanzania Africa 1
 United States North America 11
 Venezuela South America 1
 Vietnam Asia 1
Total 115

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jean Honoré, who died on 28 February 2013, the same day as Benedict XVI's resignation, is not included; he was not a cardinal elector at the time of his death.[2]
  2. ^ a b Kasper turned 80 on 5 March 2013, before the conclave began; he was still 79 at the time of Benedict XVI's resignation and therefore eligible to participate.
  3. ^ Territory as archbishop also in the  United Kingdom
  4. ^ Exact date of birth unknown
  5. ^ a b Special administrative region of  China
  6. ^ 50 countries, if including the two non-attending cardinal electors
  7. ^ In this map, Hong Kong is considered a part of China, all of which is shaded.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pope John Paul II (22 February 1996). "Universi Dominici Gregis" (Apostolic constitution). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018 – via the Holy See.
  2. ^ "Honoré Card. Jean". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 2 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Lombardi: 12 Cardinal electors yet to arrive as 1st Congregation concludes". Vatican Radio. 4 March 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Briefing sulla Sesta e sulla Settima Congregazione Generale del Collegio Cardinalizio" [Press Conference on the Sixth and Seventh General Congregations of the College of Cardinals]. Sala Stampa della Santa Sede. 8 March 2013. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
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