Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 22

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Launch Complex 22
Location28°27′40″N 80°32′23″W / 28.4610°N 80.5398°W / 28.4610; -80.5398
OperatorUS Air Force
Launch pad(s)1
Launch history
First launch1957-03-13
Last launch1960-06-24
XSM-73 Bull Goose
MGM-13 Mace

Launch Complex 22 (LC-22) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch complex that was used for horizontal launches of cruise missiles between 1957 and 1960. It consisted of two launch rails, from which XSM-73 Bull Goose and MGM-13 Mace missiles were tested. Unlike the other Mace launch site, Launch Complex 21, no concrete structure was built to enclose the launch rails when it was converted to launch the Mace in 1959. This earned the pad the nickname of "the softsite".


Construction of LC-22 started in 1956, leading to acceptance into military service on 26 February 1957, with Launch Complex 21. The first test of a Bull Goose rocket from LC-22 occurred on 13 March 1957, and the last occurred on 28 November 1958.

Following the end of Bull Goose test flights, Complex 22 was renovated for the Mace rocket. The first Mace launch from LC-22 occurred on 29 October 1959, with final launch from the complex occurring on 24 June 1960.

After the last launch, the complex was retained as a backup site until the 1970s, in case a future missile needed to use it. As of 2009, the blockhouse, and many of the support structures erected at the pad, were still standing.


  • Svirskas, Rob. "Complex 22". CCAFS Virtual Tour. Retrieved 2009-06-19.