Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 16

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Launch Complex 16
Launch Complex 16.jpg
Titan I launch from LC-16
Launch site Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
Location 28°30′06″N 80°33′06″W / 28.5017°N 80.5518°W / 28.5017; -80.5518
Short name LC-16
Operator US Air Force
Total launches 141
Launch pad(s) One
Launch history
Status Inactive
First launch December 12, 1959
Last launch March 21, 1988
Titan I
Titan II
Pershing 1/Pershing 1a
Pershing II

Launch Complex 16 (LC-16) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch complex built for use by LGM-25 Titan missiles, and later used for NASA operations before being transferred back to the US military and used for tests of MGM-31 Pershing missiles. Six Titan I missiles were launched from the complex between December 1959 and May 1960. These were followed by seven Titan II missiles, starting with the type's maiden flight on March 16, 1962. The last Titan II launch from LC-16 was conducted on May 29, 1963.

Following the end of its involvement with the Titan missile, LC-16 was transferred to NASA, which used it for Gemini crew processing, and static firing tests of the Apollo Service Module's propulsion engine. Following its return to the US Air Force in 1972, it was converted for use by the Pershing missile, which made its first flight from the complex on May 7, 1974. Seventy-nine Pershing 1a and 49 Pershing II missiles were launched from LC-16. The last Pershing launch from the facility was conducted on March 21, 1988. It was deactivated the next day and subsequently decommissioned under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.


See also[edit]

Pershing missile launches