Brazilian Labour Renewal Party

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Brazilian Labour Renewal Party

Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro
LeaderLevy Fidelix
Founded1994
HeadquartersBrasília, Federal District
São Paulo, São Paulo
Membership136,171[1]
IdeologyConservatism
National conservatism
Brazilian nationalism
Right-wing populism
Anti-communism
Political positionFar-right[2][3][4][5]
National affiliationBrazil above everything, God above everyone
Website
http://prtb.org.br/

The Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Portuguese: Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro, PRTB) is a conservative Brazilian political party. It was founded in 1997 and its electoral number is 28.[6] According to the party's official website, PRTB's main ideology is to establish an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society.[7]

Overview[edit]

It was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 18 February 1997 and Levy Fidelix was elected as party chairman.[8]

In 2006 the party gained electoral importance because of the election of ex-President Fernando Collor de Mello, impeached in 1992,[9] who made his comeback in national politics as a Senator. However, in 2007 De Mello left PRTB and switched to the Brazilian Labour Party.[10]

The party candidated its leader Levy Fidelix in the Brazilian presidential election of 2010 and he obtained 57.960 votes (0.06%).[11]

In the Brazilian general election of 2014, Fidelix was candidate again[12] and presented himself with a conservative speech and, according to him, the only right-wing candidate.[13] In the first round of the general election, Fidelix received 446.878 votes, representing 0.43% of the popular vote.[14] The PRTB's founder ranked 7th out of 11 candidates, however achieved his best performance in an election throughout his career. In the second round, Fidelix supported candidate Aécio Neves.[15]

For the Brazilian general election of 2018, PRTB formed the coalition "Brazil above everything, God above everyone" (Brasil acima de tudo, Deus acima de todos) together with the Social Liberal Party to support candidate Jair Bolsonaro.[16] In May 2018, his pick for Vice President, Hamilton Mourão, joined the party.[17]

Controversies[edit]

The party has been accused of having links with neo-nazi and neofascist organizations and promoting fake news and conspiracy theories on the internet.[18]

During Brazilian general election, 2014 the parties leader and candidate Levy Fidelix during a debate made a statement that homosexuals “need psychological care” and were better kept “well away from [the rest of] us. He also said that Brazil’s population of 200 million would be reduced by half if homosexuality were encouraged because “the excretory system” does not function as a means of reproduction.[19] Fidelix obtained 0.43% of votes.

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
2010 Levy Fidelix 57,960 0.06% - - Lost Red XN
2014 Levy Fidelix 446,878 0.43% - - Lost Red XN
2018 None (endorsed Jair Bolsonaro) 49,277,010 46.03% 57,796,972 55.13% Elected Green tickY

Chamber of Deputies elections[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election Votes % Seats +/–
1994 154,666 0.4%
0 / 513
Steady
1998 1,843,296 2.8%
0 / 513
Steady
2002 304,092 0.3%
0 / 513
Steady
2006 171,908 0.2%
0 / 513
Steady
2010 307,925 0.3%
2 / 513
Increase 2
2014 454,190 0.47%
1 / 513
Decrease 1
2018 684,976 0.7%
0 / 513
Decrease 1

Senate elections[edit]

Senate
Election Votes % Seats +/–
1998 36,328 0.1%
0 / 81
Steady
32,258 0.1%
2002 Not released Not released
0 / 81
Steady
2006 644,111 0.8%
1 / 81
Increase 1
2010 74,478 0.0%
0 / 81
Decrease 1
2014 38,429 0.04%
0 / 81
Steady
2018 886,267 0.5%
0 / 81
Steady

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eleitores filiados". inter04.tse.jus.br. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  2. ^ "General Mourão filia-se ao PRTB e pode ser candidato a presidente pelo partido". Folha de S.Paulo. 8 May 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  3. ^ "PRTB lança candidato ao governo do Paraná nas eleições de 2018". Terra. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  4. ^ Livres, Jornalistas (27 October 2018). "[Exclusivo] A relação entre a candidatura Bolsonaro e a ultradireita fascista organizada no Brasil". jornalistaslivres.org. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Mourão, o vice que transborda pela direita". UOL Eleições 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Partidos políticos registrados no TSE". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  7. ^ "Histórico - PRTB - Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro". PRTB - Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro (in Portuguese). 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  8. ^ "Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  9. ^ "Collor volta ao partido pelo qual se elegeu presidente e sofreu impeachment". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese). 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  10. ^ "Ex-presidente Collor troca o PRTB pelo PTB". Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Tribunal Superior Eleitoral". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  12. ^ "PRTB oficializa candidatura de Levy Fidelix à Presidência da República". Eleições 2014 em São Paulo (in Portuguese). 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  13. ^ "Levy se assume como candidato da direita e promete defender ditadura - Notícias - Política". Política (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  14. ^ "Apuração de votos e resultado das Eleições 2014 (Fonte: TSE): Presidente e candidatos eleitos - UOL Eleições 2014". UOL Eleições 2014 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  15. ^ "Levy Fidelix anuncia apoio a Aécio Neves no segundo turno". Eleições 2014 (in Portuguese). 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  16. ^ "Jair Bolsonaro hopes to be Brazil's Donald Trump". The Economist. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  17. ^ "PRTB considera lançar general Mourão a presidente, diz Fidelix". Poder360 (in Portuguese). 2018-06-30. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  18. ^ "Grupo alinhado a Mussolini e Fidelix é alvo de investigação no PR". HuffPost Brasil. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  19. ^ Watts, Jonathan (29 September 2014). "Brazil presidential candidate airs homophobic rant during TV debate". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
Preceded by
27 - CD (DC)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
28 - BLRP (PRTB)
Succeeded by
29 - LCP (PCO)